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M/S Emma Bakke
To Emma Bakke on the "Ships starting with E" page.
Owner: Skibs-A/S Hilda Knudsen.
Delivered in Aug.-1929 from Kockums mek. Verkstads A/B, Malmö as Sveadrott to Stockholms Rederi A/B Svea, Stockholm. Purchased by Skibs-A/S Hilda Knudsen (Knut Knutsen O.A.S.), Haugesund in May-1937 and renamed Emma Bakke.
Related item on this website:
Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.
(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).
Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.
With general cargo for Glasgow, Emma Bakke is listed in Convoy HXF 20, which left Halifax on Febr. 12-1940. The following month, she appears among the ships in Convoy OB 111, departing Liverpool on March 16, dispersed March 20. According to Arnold Hague, she had become a straggler before the convoy was dispersed. Her destination is given as San Pedro, and she had station 22 of the convoy, which is available via the external link provided within the Voyage Record above; Leiesten and Rym are also listed. Emma Bakke arrived Cristobal on Apr. 4, proceeding to Los Angeles the next day, with arrival Apr. 16 - see Page 1. In the meantime, war had broken out in Norway (Apr. 9-1940). In May that year, we find her in the Bermuda portion of Convoy HX 46, bound for Glasgow with general cargo (zinc, lumber and pulp) in station 16, arriving her destination on June 12. She made a voyage from Belfast to Cristobal in July that year, but convoy is not known. The archive document referred to above has her subsequent movements.
Arnold Hague has later included her in Convoy HX 77* (Bermuda portion), which arrived Liverpool on Oct. 14-1940, and in which Brandanger and Davanger had been sunk - follow the links for details. The Norwegian Dagrun, Heina and Samnanger are also named. The following month, she's listed, with destination Panama and Vancouver, in Convoy OB 241, which left Liverpool on Nov. 9 and dispersed on the 14th - see the external link at the end of this page. Note that A. Hague has instead listed her, along with John P. Pedersen, in Convoy OB 243, originating in Liverpool on Nov. 13, dispersed Nov. 18; again, see the external link provided within the table above. Going back to Page 1, we see that she did leave River Mersey on Nov. 9, but only sailed as far as Belfast Lough, where she arrived on Nov. 11, leaving again for Cristobal on the 13th, so it's possible she had briefly been in OB 241 as well(?), though A. Hague says she had made the voyage to Belfast Lough independently. She arrived Cristobal on Dec. 3, continuing to Los Angeles the next day, before proceeding to New Westminster and Vancouver, where she arrived Dec. 21 (Page 2).
In Febr.-1941, she sailed in Convoy HX 108, again joining from Bermuda, general cargo and aircraft, station 61, bound for Liverpool. It'll be noticed, when following the link to my page about this convoy, that the Bermuda portion only is currently available, but the main portion will be added - Bianca, Bonde (returned), Brant County and Leikanger are also listed. Emma Bakke arrived Liverpool on Febr. 27, and in March she's listed, again with destination Panama and Vancouver, in Convoy OB 299 (link above). Garonne, Morgenen and Sveve are also named in this convoy, which left Liverpool on March 19 and dispersed on the 25th, Emma Bakke arriving Cristobal on Apr. 11, proceeding to Los Angeles the next day, then on to Vancouver, where she arrived Apr. 26 - see Page 2. In June she joined Convoy HX 133 from Halifax (in which Soløy and Vigrid were sunk, and Kongsgaard was torpedoed and damaged - follow the links for more info), but lost touch with the convoy in fog and returned to port, then joined the next convoy at sea on June 22, HX 134. She had a general cargo as well as 3 Douglas bombers on board and took station 83, bound for Liverpool. The Commodore's report is also available for this convoy; Emma Bakke is mentioned under June 22. According to the archive document, she stopped at Clyde on July 9.
Arnold Hague now has her, with destination Panama, in Convoy OS 1, together with Anna Knudsen, Erviken, G. C. Bøvig and Jernfjeld (the latter to Clyde only). He says Emma Bakke was detached on Aug. 1 and arrived Cristobal Aug. 12, having started out from Clyde on July 25. OS 1 had originated in Liverpool on July 24 (arrived Freetown on Aug. 10), and is also available via the external link in the Voyage Record above (another section of the same site has not included Anna Knudsen and Emma Bakke in this convoy). Her subsequent voyages are shown on Page 2.
In Oct.-1941, we find her in station 105 of Convoy HX 154 from Halifax. Other Norwegian ships were Hilda Knudsen, Kaia Knudsen, Ranja, Tai Shan, Samuel Bakke, Polarsol, Skiensfjord, N. T. Nielsen-Alonso, Toronto, Noreg and Svenør. The following month, she joined the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 36, her destination is given as Panama and Vancouver, station 12. Montbretia and Eglantine are named among the escorts. The Commodore's narrative is also available for this convoy.
Skipping now to March 3-1942, when she can be found among the ships leaving Halifax in Convoy HX 178, subsequently joining the westbound Convoy ON 83* the following month, general cargo for Port Arthur, station 63. This convoy, which also had Katy (returned to port), Kong Haakon VII, Lynghaug, Norheim (returned), Norsol (returned), Olaf Bergh, Polartank (returned), Siljestad and Tabor in its ranks, left Liverpool on Apr. 4 and arrived Halifax on the 17th; according to Page 3, Emma Bakke arrived New York Apr. 20 (Port Arthur is not mentioned). She headed back to Liverpool on May 3 in Convoy HX 188 from Halifax, returning to the U.S. as Vice Commodore Vessel for Convoy ON 99 on May 29. According to A. Hague, she subsequently went back to the U.K. at the end of June in Convoy HX 196, and in July, we find her listed as bound for New York with Convoy ON 115*, carrying 13 passengers. Brimanger, Herbrand, Høegh Hood, Katy, Norsktank, Solfonn, Topdalsfjord and Ørnefjell are also listed.
On Aug. 30, she can be found in Convoy HX 205 from Halifax to the U.K., for which Acanthus, Eglantine, Montbretia and Potentilla served as escorts. On Sept. 25 she joined the westbound Convoy ON 133* in order to return to New York, where she arrived Oct. 11. Anna Knudsen, Athos, Bello, Brimanger, Garonne, Grey County, Kosmos II, Minerva, Molda, Noreg, Nueva Granada, Petter II (returned), Polarsol, Polartank, Sandanger, Skandinavia, Thorshavet, Thorshov and the Panamanian Norbris (Norwegian managers) are also named. She's later listed in Convoy HX 216, which departed New York on Nov. 19. Emma Bakke had a general cargo as well as ammunition, and was bound for Liverpool in station 123, but became a straggler when the convoy encountered a gale on Nov. 25; she arrived Liverpool on Dec. 3 (Page 3). Her last Trans-Atlantic voyage that year was made in Convoy ON 155. Eglantine and Acanthus are again named among the escorts. See also the Commodore's narrative. Emma Bakke arrived New York on Jan. 6-1943.
She went back across the Atlantic in Jan.-1943 with Convoy HX 224, bound for Belfast Dock, then Cardiff, station 114 (again, see Page 3). In the middle of March we find her listed as bound for New York in Convoy ON 173*, together with B. P. Newton, Dageid, Ferncourt, Frontenac, Haakon Hauan, Idefjord, Mosli, Pan Aruba, Skaraas, Stiklestad, Strinda and Thorshov, returning to the U.K. the following month with Convoy HX 235, bound for Liverpool with general cargo. In the middle of May, she shows up in the westbound Convoy ON 184*, along with Chr. Th. Boe, Fernmoor, Idefjord, Mosli, Petter, Salamis, Samuel Bakke (Commodore Vessel) and Slemmestad, and on June 15 she joined Convoy HX 244 from New York, general cargo for Liverpool, station 42 (Vice Commodore in Samuel Bakke). Together with Anna Knudsen, Buenos Aires, Ferncourt, Ivaran, Laurits Swenson (Commodore Vessel), Norholm, Petter, Reinholt, San Andres, Skaraas (returned), Tai Shan, Topdalsfjord, Vest and Villanger, as well as the Panamanian Norvinn (Norwegian managers), she now returned to New York in July with Convoy ON 192* (see also Page 4). On Aug. 7, she joined Convoy HX 251 from New York, again bound for Liverpool with general cargo, station 143 (Commodore in Laurits Swenson). Acanthus and Potentilla are again named among the escorts, as is Rose - see HX convoy escorts.
With Fagerfjell, Herbrand, O. B. Sørensen, Biscaya, Bralanta, Buenos Aires, Haakon Hauan, Ivaran, Laurits Swenson, Norden, Norheim, Reinholt and the Panamanian Norbris, Emma Bakke subsequently joined the westbound Convoy ON 200* at the beginning of Sept.-1943 (Page 4). Arnold Hague now has her heading back to the U.K. again on Sept. 28 with Convoy HX 259*, carrying explosives, general cargo and 6 aircraft, again in the company of other Norwegian ships, namely Bañaderos, Cypria, Pan Scandia (returned), Reinholt and Velma. The following month, we find her, together with Reinholt (Commodore Vessel) and Thorhild in the westbound Convoy ON 208* (from Liverpool Oct. 24, to New York Nov. 7), then in Dec.-1943, she acted as the Vice Commodore's ship for Convoy HX 269*, which left New York on Dec. 2 and arrived Liverpool Dec. 16 and also had Buenos Aires, Ivaran, Laurits Swenson (Commodore Vessel) and Noreg in its ranks. That year was rounded off by sailing in the other direction with Convoy ON 218*, again with Buenos Aires in company, as well as Herbrand and Strinda, while Eglantine and Rose were among the escorts for a while (see ON convoy escorts). The convoy departed Liverpool on Dec. 31 and arrived New York Jan. 18-1944.
In Febr.-1944, she served as Vice Commodore Ship for Convoy HX 279 from New York, general cargo for Liverpool, and in the middle of March she joined the westbound Convoy ON 228*, arriving New York on Apr. 1. Buenos Aires, Fernwood, Herbrand, Laurits Swenson (Commodore Vessel), Solfonn, Somerville and Sørvard are also listed. On Apr. 18, we find her in the New York-U.K. Convoy HX 288, again with general cargo for Liverpool and again serving as Vice Commodore Ship (Commodore in Laurits Swenson), returning in May with Convoy ON 237*, along with Brimanger (Commodore Vessel), Ferncourt, Glarona, Herbrand, Laurits Swenson (Vice Commodore Ship), Maud, Mosli, Norefjord, Noreg, Norma, Pan Scandia, Skaraas and Velma. In June that year, she was one of several Norwegian ships in Convoy HX 296 from New York. Emma Bakke was again bound for Liverpool with general cargo, arriving there on July 3, later joining the westbound Convoy ON 245*, together with Bralanta, Chr. Th. Boe, Fjordaas, Gudvor, Mathilda, Montevideo, O. B. Sørensen, Petter II and Tanafjord. Emma Bakke served as Commodore Vessel on that occasion, arriving New York on Aug. 2 - again, see Page 4.
She headed back to Liverpool later that month in Convoy HX 304, again acting as the Vice Commodore's ship. Together with Brasil, Ferncliff, James Hawson, Norefjord, Norse Lady, Sommerstad and Stirlingville, she later joined the westbound Convoy ON 254*, serving as Commodore Vessel (from Liverpool Sept. 16, to New York Oct. 5). She's now listed as sailing in Convoy HX 314 from New York on Oct. 15, bound for Hull with general cargo, again as Commodore Vessel (arrived Hull Nov. 1). She subsequently returned in Convoy ON 268*, with Brimanger (Commodore Vessel), Marit II, Montevideo, Strinda and Topdalsfjord (from Southend Nov. 22, to New York Dec. 10), and was scheduled to go back to the U.K. with Convoy HX 328 on Christmas Eve (Commodore in Brimanger), but instead joined the next convoy a few days later, HX 329 and was used as Commodore Vessel again, arriving Liverpool on Jan. 12-1945.
With Fernmoor, she joined the westbound Convoy ON 280* in Jan.-1945 but had a damaged propeller and had to return to port, subsequently joining Convoy ON 283* the following month (left Liverpool Febr. 6, arrived New York Febr. 27). Kaia Knudsen, Nyhorn and President de Vogue are also named in this convoy, for which Emma Bakke served as Commodore Vessel. She returned to the U.K. in March, having joined Convoy HX 345* from New York on the 19th. Kaia Knudsen had again been in company, as had Abraham Lincoln (Commodore Vessel), Montevideo, Solfonn, Toledo and Troja. This convoy arrived Liverpool on Apr. 2, and later that month she served as Commodore Vessel for the westbound Convoy ON 297* (from Liverpool Apr. 17), which also included Abraham Lincoln, Brasil, Brimanger, Fernwood, Geisha, Norsktank and Topdalsfjord. The convoy arrived New York on May 2, Emma Bakke, however, arrived Father Point on May 1, before proceeding to Montreal; according to A. Hague, she had been detached from the convoy on Apr. 26. Her voyages in this period are shown on Page 5. Her last convoy voyage was made in May, when she sailed back to Liverpool in Convoy HX 356*, having joined with the Sydney, C.B. portion (this convoy had originated in New York on May 13 and arrived Liverpool on the 26th). Dalfonn, Fenris, Lista (Vice Commodore) and Sørvard are also named, as is the Panamanian Norvinn (Norwegian managers).
Her next voyage to the U.S. in June could be made without a convoy. Page 5 shows her subsequent voyages, up to and including most of Apr.-1946.
The ship and the company (Skibs-A/S Hilda Knudsen) were transferred to Christian Haaland, Haugesund in Aug. 1947. (This transfer may have had something to do with the fact that Knut Knutsen died in 1946 and Chr. Haaland, his son in law, inherited some of Knutsen's companies and ships). Abandoned on fire after an explosion in the engine room on Oct. 9-1954, 280 n. miles off Cape Verde, on a voyage from New York to Casablanca* with general cargo. The 4th engineer and a mechanic died. Crew and passengers went in the lifeboats and were picked up by the Argentinian Corientes and taken to Lisbon. In my "Find Old Shipmates" Forum there's a posting from an Italian crew member who was on board at the time.
Back to Emma Bakke on the "Ships starting with E" page.
This company later had another Emma Bakke, delivered in Oct.-1962, 6442 gt, later 8198 gt 1971. Became Hai Meng in 1981 (Panamanian flag, Norw. mgrs.). Sold to Taiwan for breaking up in 1988. Pictures and more information can be found on this external page.
The text on this page was compiled with the help of: "Våre motorskip", Leif M. Bjørkelund & E. H. Kongshavn, E-mail from R. W. Jordan, Dictionary of Disasters at Sea during the Age of Steam - including sailing ships and ships of war lost in Action 1824-1962", Charles Hocking, and misc. - (ref. My sources).