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M/S Sama
Updated May 31-2012

To Sama on the "Ships starting with S" page.

Crew & Passenger List

Source: Sverre Johansen, Norway.

Owner: A/S Sama
Manager: Chr. Gundersen & Co., Oslo
1799 gt, 2200 tdwt
Signal Letters: LJKA

Built at A/B Lindholmens Varv, Gothenburg in 1937.

Captain: Ingolf Just (from Oct.-1939).

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
Page 1 | Page 2

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

Voyage Record
From Apr.-1940 to Febr.-1942:

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1940 Apr. 11 Kirkwall Liverpool* Apr. 13 Independent See also Page 1
*Arrived Garston, Apr. 13.
May 22 Liverpool OB 153 For Dakar.
With OA 153, formed OG 31F, May 25.
Convoy available at OB 153
(external link)
May 25 Formed at sea OG 31F For Dakar.
Detached May 30.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in OG convoys
May 30 Detached from OG 31F Dakar June 3 Independent
June 3 Dakar Duala June 9 Independent
June 13 Duala Freetown June 18 Independent
June 25 Freetown Liverpool July 13 SL 37 Convoy available at SL 37
(external link)
On to Garston
(Page 1)
Aug. 24 Liverpool OB 203 Dispersed 56 32N 21 26W, Aug. 28.
Convoy available at OB 203
(external link)
Aug. 28 Dispersed from OB 203 Freetown Sept. 9 Independent
Sept. 12 Freetown Victoria, Nigeria Independent Page 1 gives arrival Sept. 17
(stop at Freetown not mentioned)
Sept. 20 Victoria, Nigeria Freetown Sept. 25 Independent
Sept. 27 Freetown Liverpool Oct. 11* A. Hague says:
VRC dates do not match convoy dates.
*Page 1 gives arrival Liverpool Oct. 14
(on to Garston Oct. 16)
Oct. 31 Liverpool* OB 237 *From Garston, Oct. 30.
Dispersed Nov. 2.
Convoy available at OB 237
(external link)
Nov. 2 Dispersed from OB 237 Kingston Nov. 15 Independent
Nov. 20 Kingston Baracoa* Independent *Not mentioned, Page 1
Nov. 29 Baracoa Liverpool Dec. 7 Independent
Dec. 18 Liverpool Holyhead Dec. 19 Independent
Dec. 22 Holyhead Kingston Jan. 3-1941 Independent
1941 Jan. 13 Kingston Liverpool Jan. 31 Independent Via Holyhead
(Page 1)
Febr. 17 Liverpool St. John, N.B. Febr. 27 Independent
March 3 St. John, N.B. Halifax March 4 Independent
March 5 Halifax Liverpool March 17 Independent
March 26 Liverpool Stornoway Independent Page 1 gives arrival March 29.
See also narrative below
Apr. 1 Stornoway St. John, N.B. Apr. 10 Independent
Apr. 15 St. John, N.B. Halifax Apr. 16 Independent
Apr. 20 Halifax Bristol May 9 HX 122
May 15 Bristol Milford Haven May 16 Independent
May 16 Milford Haven OB 323 (Via Belfast Lough - Page 1).
Dispersed May 25.
Convoy available at OB 323
(external link)
May 25 Dispersed from OB 323 Montreal May 31 Independent
June 5 Montreal Sydney, C.B. June 7 Independent
June 10 Sydney, C.B. Liverpool June 28 HX 132
July 7 Liverpool OB 344 For Montreal.
Dispersed 45 42N 54W, July 16.
Convoy available at OB 344
(external link)
July 16 Dispersed from OB 344 Montreal July 19 Independent
July 25 Montreal Sydney, C.B. July 28 Independent
Aug. 2 Sydney, C.B. Liverpool Aug. 18 HX 142 6 Passengers.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in HX convoys
Aug. 27 Liverpool ON 10 For Montreal.
Dispersed Sept. 11.
Sept. 11 Dispersed from ON 10 Montreal Sept. 13 Independent
Sept. 17 Montreal Halifax Sept. 20 Independent
Sept. 22 Halifax Belfast Lough Oct. 5 HX 151 7 Passengers
Oct. 7 Belfast Lough Cardiff Oct. 11 BB 85 See also Page 2
Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
Oct. 29 Cardiff Milford Haven Oct. 30 Independent
Oct. 31 Milford Haven Sydney, C.B. Nov. 15 ON 32 For Montreal
Nov. 15 Sydney, C.B. Montreal Nov. 18 Independent
Nov. 22 Three Rivers Halifax Nov. 25 Independent
Nov. 27 Halifax Liverpool Dec. 11 HX 162 3 Passengers
Dec. 24 Liverpool ON 50 A. Hague says:
For St. John's, N.F.
Should probably be St. John, N.B.
Dispersed Jan. 3-1942.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
1942 Jan. 3 Dispersed from ON 50 St. John, N.B. Jan. 6 Independent
Jan. 12 St. John, N.B. Halifax Jan. 14 Independent
Jan. 20 Halifax Belfast Lough Febr. 1 HX 171
Febr. 2 Belfast Lough Cardiff Febr. 3 BB 132 See also Page 2
Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
Febr. 11 Cardiff Milford Haven Febr. 12 Independent
Febr. 13 Milford Haven ON 67 8 Passengers.
Sunk - See "Final Fate" below.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys

 Misc. Convoy Voyages: 
For information on voyages made in between those mentioned here, please see the documents received from the National Archives of Norway and A. Hague's Voyage Record above. Follow the convoy links provided for more details; several Norwegian ships took part.

As will be seen when going to Page 1 of the archive documents, Sama was en route from Santa Marta to Gothenburg, Sweden and Oslo, Norway when war broke out in Norway on Apr. 9-1940, but was diverted to Garston. She arrived Kirkwall on Apr. 10, Garston Apr. 13, remaining there for several weeks.

The following month, she's listed, together with the Norwgeian Katy, in Convoy OB 153, departing Liverpool on May 22. This convoy joined up with Convoy OA 153 on May 25, the combined convoy forming the Gibraltar bound Convoy OG 31F, which arrived there on May 30 (see ships in all OG convoys - will later be added to its own individual page). Sama, however, was bound for Duala, where she arrived on June 9, having stopped at Dakar on June 3. A few days later she proceeded to Freetown, then headed back to the U.K. with a cargo of bananas in Convoy SL 37 on June 25 (the Norwegian Salta is also included, joining from Dakar). Sama arrived Garston on July 13, and again had a long stay there.

We later find her, together with Heina, Idefjord, Nea, Ringstad, Thalatta and Thorshavn, in Convoy OB 203, which left Liverpool on Aug. 24 and dispersed on the 28th - ref. link provided in the table above. Her destination is not given, but going back to Page 1 of the archive documents, we learn that she arrived Victoria, Nigeria on Sept. 17 (according to A. Hague, she had stopped at Freetown from Sept. 9 to Sept. 12; this is not mentioned on the document). From Victoria, she proceeded to Freetown 3 days later, then left for the U.K. on Sept. 27, arriving Liverpool, via Garston, on Oct. 14. At the end of that month, she appears in station 14 of Convoy OB 237, which originated in Liverpool on Oct. 31 and dispersed on Nov. 2, Sama arriving Kingston, Jamaica on Nov. 15 (she had started out from Garston on Oct. 30). Bur, Hardanger and Senta are also named. See the external links provided within the Voyage Record for more on the OB convoys mentioned here, as well as SL 37.

Sama had returned to the U.K. in Nov./Dec.-1940, and had made another voyage to Kingston and back in Jan.-1941, as well as a voyage from the U.K. to St. John, N.B. and back in Febr./March-1941 (according to A. Hague, all these voyages were made independently) - again, see Page 1. She had left Liverpool on March 26 and was on her way back to St. John, N.B. alone when she on March 28 encountered the British troopship M/S Staffordshire in a critical situation after having been damaged in an attack by German aircraft from I/KG 40 that same day (position 59 30N 10 18W). Sama took on board 234 (254?) survivors as well as 4 (6?) bodies and returned immediately to Stornoway, arriving the next day. Lillesand Sjømannsforening (external link) has a detailed description of this incident by Karsten Karlsen, who was Sama's 1st mate at the time (text in Norwegian only).

Sama left Stornoway again on Apr. 1 to resume her voyage to St. John, N.B., where she arrived on Apr. 10, heading back to the U.K. on Apr. 20 with Convoy HX 122 from Halifax, cargo of bacon, station 12. Cruising order/Commodore's notes are also available. The Advance Sailing Telegram for this convoy gives her destination as Avonmouth; the archive document says she arrived Bristol on May 9. She's now listed, along with Grena, Lise, Orwell and Salamis, in Convoy OB 323, originating in Liverpool on May 17, dispersed May 25. Again, no destination is given for Sama, but from Page 1, we learn that she arrived Montreal on May 31, having started out from Milford Haven May 16. A few days later she proceeded to Sydney, C.B. in order to join the Sydney portion of Convoy HX 132 on June 10, bound for Liverpool with general cargo and refrigerated goods, station 73 - as will be seen when following the link to my page about this convoy, Sama is included in the Commodore's comments, saying "Station keeping and signalling exceptionally good."

With a general cargo and 8 passengers, she later joined Convoy OB 344, which departed Liverpool on July 7 and dispersed on July 16, Sama arriving Montreal on July 19 (Belinda, Laurits Swenson and Samuel Bakke are also listed). According to Arnold Hague, she subsequently went back across the Atlantic with Convoy HX 142, which sailed from Halifax on Aug. 1 and arrived Liverpool on the 18th; Sama, carrying a general cargo, 6519 mails and 6 passengers, joined from Sydney, C.B., taking station 86. This convoy is not yet available among the HX convoys included on my website, but will be added - see ships in all HX convoys (other Norwegian ships also took part). She now joined the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 10, leaving Liverpool on Aug. 27. Her destination was again Montreal, where she arrived Sept. 13, the convoy having been dispersed 2 days before. See also Page 2.

Sama returned to the U.K. with Convoy HX 151 from Halifax, together with the Norwegian Dagrun (station 54), San Andres (105), Meline (43), Morgenen (93), Belinda, Thorshøvdi (53), Sophocles (left the convoy and sailed independently), Tigre (44), Hardanger (94), Leiv Eiriksson (24) and Laurits Swenson. This convoy left Halifax on Sept. 22-1941 and arrived Liverpool on Oct. 7; Sama, however, stopped at Belfast Lough on Oct. 5, before proceeding to Cardiff, with arrival there Oct. 11. At the beginning of the following month, she's listed in station 14 of the westbound Convoy ON 32, again bound for Montreal, where she arrived, via Sydney, C.B., on Nov. 18, then headed back in the other direction on Nov. 27 with Convoy HX 162 from Halifax, together with the Norwegian Astrell, Brant County, Katy, Bello, Skandinavia, Beth (returned) and Høegh Scout. Norvinn (Panamanian flag, Norwegian managers and, therefore, listed on this website) was also scheduled for this convoy but did not sail. Sama's last voyage that year was made in the westbound Convoy ON 50, departing Liverpool on Dec. 24-1941 - please scroll down to ON 50 on this page (will later be added to its own, individual page, along with further info - several Norwegian ships took part). Her destination is given as St. John's, N.F., but according to Page 2, she was bound for St. John, N.B., where she arrived on Jan. 6-1942, the convoy having been dispersed on Jan. 3.

With a cargo of bacon, she headed back to the U.K. again on Jan. 20-1942 in Convoy HX 171 from Halifax, and arrived Cardiff, via Belfast Lough, on Febr. 3. Acanthus and Rose are named among the escorts.

More details on all the other Norwegian ships mentioned here can be found with the help of the alphabet index at the end of this page, or go to the Master Ship Index.

 Final Fate - 1942: 

As mentioned above, Sama had arrived Cardiff from Halifax on Febr. 3-1942. From Cardiff, she later proceeded to Milford Haven and Belfast Lough, arriving the latter on Febr. 14 (again, see Page 2), departing again on Febr. 15, joining Convoy ON 67, which had sailed from Liverpool on Febr. 14 (will be added to my Convoys section, in the meantime, the ships sailing in it, and escorts, are named in the section listing ships in all ON convoys). She had a cargo of 1040 tons of china clay for St. John, N.B. and in addition to her crew she had 8 passengers on board, sailing in station 13. The weather was stormy all along, and her starboard lifeboat was damaged by the heavy seas, but was pulled on board and temporarily repaired by the carpenter.

In the early morning hours of Febr. 22, a powerful explosion occurred in the stern section of the ship; she had been torpedoed by U-155 (Piening), position 49 30N 38 30W, and started to sink very quickly. The engine stopped and the lights went out, which meant that the alarms were rendered inoperable, but those who had heard the explosion and came on deck quickly launched the port lifeboat. However, they couldn't get away before the ship sank because the davits got caught in it, causing it to capsize so that those who were in the boat had to throw themselves into the water. Others, who had been seen on deck, went under with the suction. Several had to jump overboard from the stern part, as they were unable get amidships owing to the fact that the after deck was already under water. It was assumed that many crew members had gotten trapped in their cabins and passageways when the bulkheads collapsed (this according to the 3rd engineer, who was in the mess room when the explosion occurred - the bulkheads there also collapsed).

After the ship had sunk, both rafts, the ship's dinghies and the port lifeboat floated up, and the 24 who were in the water clung to these until 20(*) of them were rescued a couple of hours later by the escorting American destroyer USS Nicholson (DD 442)**. The captain, the 3rd mate and the carpenter had been among those on one of the rafts which had capsized several times, and they were not seen again, while 1 was crushed to death between the raft and the side of the destroyer. Due to the darkness it was impossible to tell who he was.

The survivors were landed in Halifax on March 1.

My page about M/T Eidanger (also sunk) has more details on the battle and other ships lost. See also M/T Finnanger, as well as the external links at the end of this page.

* According to the 1st mate's account on the Lillesand Sjømannsforening website (external link), there were 8 men on the capsized lifeboat, 14 on the raft (including the captain, 3rd mate and carpenter, all of whom died - the captain slid out of his lifevest when being hoisted aboard Nicholson and disappeared). He says that when the destroyer arrived to pick up those who were on the boat, she went by so quickly that only 6 got picked up, leaving passenger Aronsen and the 1st mate behind. While waiting for the destroyer to come back, the 1st mate saw something dark in the water, and when he grabbed it, it turned out to be a uniform jacket, and underneath it was the unconscious E. L. Chamberlin; they managed to keep him alive. The last man (the 1st mate) was not picked up until 07:15, local time, when the destroyer had returned (this was about 5 hours after the attack - the 1st mate's account gives the time of attack as 02:25, local time). By then it was daylight, but nothing but debris from Sama could be seen. The 1st mate adds that 2nd Mate Ebbesen, Able Seamen Berntsen, Fagermo and Johansen, and engineer Moe had been on duty at the time of attack.

** "Nortraships flåte", which gives the time for the attack as 04:30 GMT, claims the British rescue vessel Toward also picked up survivors from Sama, but according to "Convoy Rescue Ships" by Arnold Hague, they were picked up by the American destroyer only. At that time, Toward was busy rescuing the men from the British tanker Adellen which had been torpedoed at the same time as Sama.

J. Rohwer says the attack happened at 07:03 German time in quadrant BD 1455 according to the U-boat, adding the time 05:05 and position 49 20N 38 15W based on allied records.

U-155 was also responsible for the attacks on Baghdad and Bill later that year, and Lysefjord and Siranger the following year.

Crew & Passenger List:
1st Mate Karsten Karlsen had been on Sama since the spring of 1938 - he later joined Titanian. He writes about his life at sea on this external page (Norwegian text).

1st Mate
Karsten Karlsen
2nd Mate
Jørgen Ebbesen
Radio Opeartor
Tor Pettersen
Able Seaman
John Berntsen
Able Seaman
Ingvald Holten
Able Seaman
Johan Johansen
Able Seaman
Oddmund Skarland
Able Seaman
Arne Fagermo
3rd Engineer
Sverre Moe
Gunnar Bråstad
Reidar Linnemann
Galley Boy
Thorleif Olsen
Galley Boy
Olav Martin Olsen
Saloon Boy
Edvin Olsen
(Distillery Company)
F. W. Clark
(Lt. R.N.V.R.)
E. L. Chamberlin
(Lt. R.N.V.R.)
T. S. Forbos
(Lt. R.N.V.R.)
E. G. Selby
(Qtr. Master R.N.A.F)
O. Aronsen
(Qtr. Master R.N.A.F)
T. Hansen

Ingolf Just

3rd Mate
Reidar Halvorsen

Olaf Hansen

Able Seaman
Johan Rype

1st Engineer
Herbert Ottersen

2nd Engineer
Ingolv Eldøy

Anders Berge*

Refrig. Engineer
Hans A. Hansen

Leif Andersen

Ragnvald Olsen

Martinus Dahl

Karsten Waag

Svein Sætre

Rolf Svenkerud

Odd Strøm

Knut Steen Karlsen

Ragnar Antonsen
H. A. Haddock*
(Qtr. Master R.N.A.F)
A. Hansen
* Possibly the brother of Olav Bernhard Berge who is buried at Saranac Lake.
** The steward was the 1st mate's brother

* Checking the Commonwealth War Graves Comm. website, I found a Lieutenant Norman Arthur Haddock (Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve) listed as having died on the date Sama was sunk - same person?. He's commemorated at Chatham Naval Memorial.

Related external links:
Stavern Memorial commemorations - Norwegians only.

ON 67 is discussed in detail at the end of
Chapter 3 of the the book "Joining the war at Sea" (far down on the page).

Ships hit from Convoy ON(S) 67 - (The correct term is ON 67; ONS convoys did not start until March-1943).
U-155 | Adolf Cornelius Piening

Back to Sama on the "Ships starting with S" page.

The text on this page was compiled with the help of: "Nortraships flåte", J. R. Hegland, "The allied Convoy System", Arnold Hague, "Sjøforklaringer fra 2. verdenskrig", Norwegian Maritime Museum, Volume II, and misc. as named within text (ref. My sources).


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