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M/S Martin Bakke
Updated June 7-2010

To Martin Bakke on the "Ships starting with M" page.

Source: Roger W. Jordan collection.

The Australian War Memorial has another picture of this ship, taken in 1940 (both links are external).
Another picture is available on this external page (click in it to enlarge)

Manager: Knut Knutsen O. A. S., Haugesund
5484 gt, 3269 net, 8650 tdwt.

Delivered in Apr.-1936 from A/B Götaverken, Gothenburg as Martin Bakke to Skibs-A/S Marie Bakke, Haugesund. 453.2' x 58.8' x 26.0', 5 cyl. 2 tdv Götaverken B&W, 5750 bhp, 15 knots. Placed in the Knutsen Line North Pacific UK Service-Canada/US west coast-UK

Captain: Einar Hetland from 1936 until 1946.

According to the Norwegian magazine "Krigsseileren No. 2 for 1997, this ship had a female crew member during the war, Johanne Emilie Larsen. She was at sea when war broke out in Norway, and had 5 children at home. She also served on Tamerlane, Tarn, Tamesis, Thorshøvdi, Fernglen, General Ruge, Brimanger, Kronprinsen and Havkong.

Related items on this website:
A Guestbook message from someone whose father, Olav Schroder served on Martin Bakke before and during the war.
Forum posting from a relative of someone who served as gunner on Martin Bakke, 1944/1945. He later served on Thalatta (his name is not given).
Another forum thread - Re. John Royal Pitcher who's said to have served on Martin Bakke.
Guestbook message from a relative of Billy (William) Steain, who served on this ship for a while. He died when K. G. Meldahl was sunk.

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
Page 1 | Page 2 | Page 3 | Page 4 | Page 5

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

Voyage Record
From Apr.-1940 to Dec.-1945:

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.

Errors may exist, and some voyages are missing.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1940 Apr. 5 Belfast Jacksonville Apr. 17 Independent
Apr. 19 Jacksonville Savannah Apr. 20 Independent
Apr. 22 Savannah Charleston, SC Apr. 23 Independent
Apr. 26 Charleston, SC Liverpool May 9 Independent
May 26 Liverpool Cristobal June 10 Independent
June 10 Balboa Los Angeles June 19 Independent
June 27 Los Angeles New Westminster July 1 Independent
July 4 New Westminster Portland, Oreg July 5 Independent
July 12 Portland, Oreg Los Angeles July 14 Independent
July 21 Los Angeles Balboa July 29 Independent
July 30 Cristobal Liverpool Aug. 15 Independent Via Bermuda.
See Page 1 & narrative below
Sept. 12 Liverpool LG 1 Detached Sept. 14.
Convoy available at LG 1
(external link)
Sept. 14 Detached from LG 1 Cristobal Sept. 26 Independent
Sept. 27 Balboa Tocopilla Oct. 3 Independent
Oct. 11 Tocopilla Brisbane Nov. 3 Independent
Dec. 5 Brisbane Sydney, N.S.W. Dec. 7 Independent
Dec. 7 Sydney, N.S.W. Melbourne Dec. 9 Independent
Dec. 20 Melbourne Sydney, N.S.W. Dec. 22 Independent
1941 Jan. 1 Sydney, N.S.W. Newcastle, N.S.W. Jan. 1 Independent
Jan. 3 Newcastle, N.S.W. Brisbane Jan. 5 Independent
Jan. 9 Brisbane Balboa Febr. 2 Independent
Febr. 2 Cristobal Boston Febr. 10 Independent
Febr. 14 Boston New York City Febr. 15 Independent
Apr. 17 New York City Capetown May 11 Independent
May 14 Capetown Mombasa May 23 Independent
May 24* Mombasa Bombay June 6 Independent *Page 1 gives departure May 29
June 7 Bombay Bushire June 13 Independent
June 21 Bushire Basra June 22 Independent
* June 23 Basra Khorram Shahr June 24 Independent *Voyage not included on Page 1
June 29 Basra Bombay July 4 Independent
July 16 Bombay Calcutta July 24 Independent
Sept. 19 Calcutta Capetown Oct. 9 Independent
Oct. 15 Capetown Capetown Oct. 18 Independent Put back with defects
Nov. 21 Capetown New Orleans Dec. 19 Independent Missing voyage, Page 2
Dec. 23 Texas City Mobile Dec. 25 Independent
1942 Febr. 4 Mobile Houston Febr. 7 Independent
Febr. 12 Houston New Orleans Febr. 14 Independent
Febr. 15 New Orleans Cristobal Febr. 19 Independent
Febr. 21 Balboa Talara Febr. 23 Independent
Febr. 24 Talara Callao Febr. 26 Independent
Febr. 27 Callao Mollendo March 1 Independent
March 5 Arica Antofagasta March 7 Independent
March 10 Antofagasta Balboa March 17 Independent
March 18 Cristobal New Orleans March 24 Independent
Apr. 6 New Orleans Port Arthur Apr. 7 Independent
Apr. 24* Port Arthur Cristobal Apr. 28 Independent *Page 2 gives departure Apr. 22
Apr. 29 Balboa Sydney, N.S.W. May 22 Independent
* May 16 Balboa Fremantle June 15 Independent
*The above entry belongs under 1943 and has been inserted there
May 27 Sydney, N.S.W. Townsville May 30 Independent
June 13 Townsville Brisbane June 16 Independent
June 17 Brisbane Sydney, N.S.W. June 18 Independent
June 23 Sydney, N.S.W. Balboa July 19 Independent
July 23 Cristobal Gitmo July 27 PG 3 Convoy available at PG 3
(external link)
July 29 Guantanamo Key West Aug. 1 TAW 8G Convoy available at TAW convoys
(external link)
* July 30 Basra Bandar Abbas Independent
*This entry also belongs under 1943 and has been inserted there
Aug. 5 Key West New York City Aug. 11 KN 127 Via Hampton Roads, Aug. 9
(Page 2).
Convoy available at KN convoys
(external link)
Nov. 2 Hampton Roads Casablanca Nov. 18 UGF 2 Convoy available at UGF convoys
(external link)
Voyage to Casablanca not included, Page 2
Nov. 29 Casablanca New York City Dec. 13 GUF 2 Convoy available at GUF convoys
(external link)
Dec. 20 New York City Boston Dec. 22 Independent
1943 Jan. 3 Boston Belfast Lough Jan. 12 Independent
Jan. 12 Belfast Lough Newport Jan. 13 Independent
Jan. 28 Newport New York City Febr. 10 Independent
Febr. 28 New York City Liverpool March 15 HX 228 10 Passengers.
Missing movements, Page 2
March 26 Liverpool New York City Apr. 6 Independent
Apr. 28 New York City Philadelphia Apr. 28 Independent
May 8 Philadelphia Cristobal May 15 Independent
* May 16 Balboa Fremantle June 15 Independent
*The above voyage has been taken from the 1942 entries above - see also Page 3
June 16 Fremantle Khorram Shahr July 5 Independent
July 21 Khorram Shahr Basra July 22 Independent
* July 30 Basra Bandar Abbas Independent
*Voyage inserted from 1942 entries above
Aug. 1 Bandar Abbas Karachi Aug. 3 Independent
Aug. 7 Karachi Bombay Aug. 9 Independent
Aug. 17 Bombay Fremantle Aug. 29 Independent
Aug. 31 Fremantle Balboa Sept. 28 Independent
Sept. 29 Cristobal New York City Oct. 7 Independent
Dec. 10 New York City Liverpool Dec. 25 HX 270 Convoy will be added.
See ships in HX convoys
1944 Jan. 12 Liverpool New York City Jan. 24 UC 10 Convoy will be added.
See ships in UC convoys
Febr. 21 New York City Newport March 7 CU 15
March 21 Newport Belfast Lough March 22 Independent
March 26 Belfast Lough New York City Apr. 6 UC 17 Convoy will be added.
See link above
May 3 New York City Liverpool May 14 CU 23 Arrived Swansea, May 15
(Page 3)
* May 25 Swansea Belfast Lough May 27 Independent
*Voyage inserted from entries below and dates corrected
May 29 Belfast Lough New York City June 9 UC 24 Convoy will be added.
See link above
June 24 New York City Liverpool July 5 CU 29 Missing movements, Page 3
July 18 Liverpool Belfast Lough July 18 Independent
July 26 Belfast Lough New York City Aug. 5 UC 31 Convoy will be added.
See link above
Aug. 19 New York City Liverpool Aug. 31 CU 36 Missing movements, Page 3
* Aug. 25 Swansea Belfast Lough Aug. 27 Independent
*Month should probably be May, and entry belongs further up in the record.
Sept. 8 Liverpool* Milford Haven Sept. 9 Independent *From Manchester
(Page 3)
Sept. 12 Milford Haven New York City Sept. 23 UC 37 Convoy will be added.
See ships in UC convoys
Nov. 7 New York City Plymouth Nov. 18 CU 46 See also narrative below
Dec. 5 Plymouth Cardiff Dec. 6 Independent
Dec. 9 Cardiff Milford Haven Dec. 9 Independent
Dec. 10 Milford Haven New York City Dec. 22 UC 48A Convoy will be added.
See link above
1945 Jan. 18 New York City Liverpool Jan. 29 CU 55 Missing movements, Page 4
Febr. 10 Liverpool New York City Febr. 23 UC 56A Convoy will be added.
See link above
March 15 New York City Liverpool March 27 CU 62
Apr. 2 Liverpool New York City Apr. 13 UC 62B Convoy will be added.
See link above
Apr. 24 New York City Downs May 6 CU 67 For Antwerp
May 6 Downs Antwerp May 7 TAM 160 See also Page 4.
Convoy available at TAM convoys
(external link)
May 15 Antwerp Southend May 16 ATM 155 Convoy available at ATM convoys
(external link)
May 17 Southend New York City May 28 UC 68A Convoy will be added.
See ships in UC convoys
June 10 New York City Scheldt June 20 Independent
June 30 Antwerp New York City July 11 Independent Compare w/Page 4
July 21 New York City Antwerp Aug. 2 Independent Compare w/Page 4
Aug. 9 Antwerp New York City Aug. 19 Independent
Sept. 8 New York City Antwerp Sept. 18 Independent
Sept. 24 Antwerp New York City Oct. 3 Independent
Nov. 8 New York City Barry Nov. 18 Independent
Nov. 26 Barry Antwerp Nov. 29 Independent
Dec. 7 Antwerp New York City Dec. 17 Independent See also Page 5

 Some Convoy Voyages: 
For information on voyages made in between those mentioned here, please see the documents received from the National Archives of Norway and A. Hague's Voyage Record above.

From Page 1 of the archive documents, we learn that Martin Bakke was on her way to Charleston when war broke out in Norway on Apr. 9-1940. She had started out in Liverpool on Apr. 2, and via Belfast, she arrived Jacksonville on Apr. 17, proceeding to Savannah 2 days later, and from there to Charleston on Apr. 22, with arrival the next day.

With lumber, lead and general cargo for Liverpool, she was scheduled for the Bermuda portion of Convoy HX 64 in Aug.-1940, but did not sail. According to the archive document referred to above, she left Bermuda on Aug. 6 and arrived Liverpool on the 15th, and A. Hague says she made this voyage indpendently. He later has her, with no voyage information, in a convoy designated LG 1, which left Liverpool on Sept. 12. Going back to the archive document, we see that she arrived Cristobal on Sept. 26, continuing to Tocopilla the next day, later heading to Brisbane, Sydney and Melbourne, then back to Sydney, where Christmas was celebrated.

She appears to have spent quite a long time in New York early the following year. She had arrived there from Boston on Febr. 15-1941; departure is given as Apr. 17, when she proceeded to Table Bay, arriving on May 11, continuing to Mombasa 3 days later - again, see Page 1 (which also shows that she spent almost 2 months at Sandheads/Calcutta that summer, while she later stayed for over a month in Table Bay/Cape Town - see Voyage Record as well as Page 2).

Skipping now to July-1942, when A. Hague has included her, together with Bajamar, in Convoy PG 3, leaving Cristobal on July 23, arriving Guantanamo on the 27th. 2 days later she's listed in Convoy TAW 8G from Guantanamo, which arrived Key West on Aug. 1. She subsequently proceeded to New York with Convoy KN 127 (with Kollbjørg), departing Key West on Aug. 5, arriving New York on the 11th. He also has her in Convoy UGF 2, departing Hampton Roads on Nov. 2, arriving Casablanca on the 18th, returning with Convoy GUF 2, which left Casablanca on Nov. 29 and arrived Hampton Roads on Dec. 11 - Martin Bakke arrived New York on the 13th. All these convoys are available via the external links provided in the Voyage Record. The voyage to Casablanca is not mentioned on Page 2.

At the end of Febr.-1943 we find her in station 102 of Convoy HX 228 in which Brant County was sunk; follow the links for more details, several Norwegian ships took part. Cruising order/Commodore's notes, misc. reports and analysis of attacks are also available for this convoy. Martin Bakke had a general cargo as well as 10 passengers, and was bound for Manchester, where she arrived on March 17, heading back to New York on March 26, sailing independently. At the end of that year she's listed in Convoy HX 270, which left New York on Dec. 10 and arrived Liverpool on the 26th. This convoy is not yet available among the HX convoys included on my site, but will be added - see ships in all HX convoys; the Norwegian Elisabeth Bakke (Commodore Vessel), Heranger, Herbrand, Høyanger, Norholm and Washington Express are also listed. Martin Bakke's voyages in this period are shown on Page 3.

In Jan.-1944 she's listed in the fast westbound North Atlantic Convoy UC 10*, which left Liverpool on Jan. 12 and arrived New York on the 25th. She returned to the U.K. the following month in Convoy CU 15, as the only Norwegian ship, bound for Newport with general cargo, arriving March 7. She now joined the westbound Convoy UC 17*, which originated in Liverpool on March 27 and arrived New York on Apr. 7, and in May that year she's listed in CU 23, returning to the U.S. with Convoy UC 24* - departure Liverpool May 29, arrival New York June 9. Later that month she shows up in Convoy CU 29, together with the Norwegian tanker Karsten Wang. Martin Bakke was bound for Manchester with general cargo and vehicles, and headed back to the U.S. again with Convoy UC 31*, which left Liverpool on July 25 and arrived New York on Aug. 5. The Norwegian California Express and Mosdale also took part. We now find her, again with a general cargo and vehicles for Manchester, in Convoy CU 36 from New York on Aug. 19. She arrived her destination on Aug. 31, later returning with Convoy UC 37*, which left Liverpool on Sept. 12 and arrived New York on the 23rd. Karsten Wang is again listed. Martin Bakke was scheduled to go back to the U.K. with Convoy CU 42 on Oct. 6, but did not sail, and does not show up again until Convoy CU 46 on Nov. 7 (along with Hegra). Her destination is given as Plymouth, where she arrived on Nov. 18. She rounded off that year by sailing to the U.S. with Convoy UC 48A*, together with Nordahl Grieg. This convoy left Liverpool on Dec. 8 and arrived New York on the 22nd. See also Page 3 and Page 4 of the archive documents - it'll be noticed that she often joined the westbound convoys from Belfast Lough or Milford Haven, rather than from Liverpool.

In Jan.-1945 she's listed in Convoy CU 55, along with California Express. Martin Bakke had a general cargo for Manchester, where she arrived Jan. 30, according to Page 4 above. She subsequently joined the westbound Convoy UC 56A*, again with Nordahl Gieg in company (departure Liverpool Febr. 11, arrival New York Febr. 23), and in March we find her, together with Finnmark, Hegra, Karsten Wang and Margrethe Bakke, in Convoy CU 62 to the U.K. She now joined the westbound Convoy UC 62B*, departing liverpool on Apr. 2, arriving New York on the 13th, then headed back across the Atlantic on Apr. 24 in Convoy CU 67, which also had California Express, Honningsvaag, Ida Bakke and Kirkenes in its ranks. Martin Bakke's destination is given as Antwerp on that occasion, general cargo, station 13, and according to A. Hague, she joined Convoy TAM 160 in order to proceed to her destination, with arrival Antwerp on May 7 (Jernfjeld is also listed in this convoy - ref. external link in the table above). He says she left Antwerp again on the 15th in Convoy ATM 155 for the U.K., subsequently joining the westbound North Atlantic Convoy UC 68A* together with Ida Bakke (convoy left Liverpool May 17, arrived New York May 28). Again, please compare the info in this paragraph with the details found on Page 4. See also Page 5 for further voyages (to Febr.-1946).

* All the UC convoys mentioned here will be added to individual pages in my Convoys section in due course; in the meantime, the ships sailing in them are named on the page listing ships in all UC convoys. The escorts are named on this page.


Ran aground on Nov. 30-1963 in River Scheldt on a voyage from Valparaiso to Antwerp. Refloated on Dec. 6 and taken in tow to Vlissingen, inspected and condemned. Sold in Dec.-1963 to Jos de Smedt, Burght for breaking up. Left Antwerp in tow on Jan. 11-1964, arriving Burght the same day for scrapping.

Back to Martin Bakke on the "Ships starting with M" page.

The company later had another ship by this name, originally delivered as Ventura in Jan.-1951 (Halfdan Ditlev Simonsen, Oslo), 5713 gt. Purchased by Knut Knutsen OAS in July-1965, renamed Martin Bakke. Sold to Arne Teigen & J. Hetland, Egersund in 1972, renamed Rytterholm. Capsized and sank on Oct. 12-1976 near La Corunna, Spain on a voyage Porsgrunn-Bangkok - 35 men saved, 1 lost. There's a thread about this ship on my Ship Forum.

The text on this page was compiled with the help of: "Nortraships flåte", J. R. Hegland, "Krigsseileren", "Våre motorskip", Leif M. Bjørkelund and E. H. Kongshavn, and misc. (ref. My sources).


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