|Site Map | Search Warsailors.com |Merchant Fleet Main Page | Warsailors.com Home|
Owner: Skibs-A/S Dalfonn
Delivered in Aug.-1935 as Krossfonn from Odense Staalskibsværft, Odense (56) to Skibs-A/S Dalfonn (Sigval Bergesen), Stavanger, 9323 gt, 5550 net, 14 225 tdwt, 480.5' x 65' x 35.6', two 7 cyl. 4T EV DM (B & W, Copenhagen), 4700 bhp.
Captain: Simon Svendsen. He had been on board since the fall of 1938, and later wrote a book about his 50 years at sea, entitled "Femti år under Neptuns scepter" (Fifty years under Neptune's scepter). 20 pages from this book were kindly scanned and sent to me by Johnny Haugen, Norway and some of the information has been used in my narrative below.
Related item on this website:
Her voyages are listed on this original image received from the National Archives of Norway.
(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).
Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.
According to Captain Svendsen's book, mentioned further up on this page, Krossfonn departed Bahrein Island for Teneriffe 2 days before war broke out in Sept.-1939. They stopped at Dakar for bunkers and remained there for 6 days, before they proceeded to Teneriffe, and from there to La Libertad, Equador, in order to load a cargo for France. He says that from the time the war started until May-1940, they never sailed in convoy, nor did they have sailing orders or any other instructions. They took a southerly route between France and Peru or Equador, and between Martinique and Dominica, on their westward as well as their eastward voyages.
The captain says that when war broke out in Norway on Apr. 9-1940, Krossfonn was outside the coast of Florida (from the archive document, we learn that she had sailed from Port de Bouc on March 23). They were destined for Galveston in order to go into drydock, but on receiving the news they proceeded to the closest British port, which was Kingston, Jamaica, arriving there on Apr. 14 (see my page about Nortraship for information on these early days of war). The captain says there was talk of sending them to Halifax to equip her with guns, but this did not come to pass, and on Apr. 24, she proceeded to Galveston, arriving Apr. 29. According to the captain, they loaded a cargo in Houston after they came out of the dock in Galveston, then headed to Bermuda - the archive document says she left Galveston on May 13, arriving Bermuda May 21, and 2 days later we find her in the Bermuda portion of the eastbound North Atlantic Convoy HX 45 - several Norwegian ships took part, as can be seen when following the link. She's said to have arrived Brest on June 12(?)-1940, departing for Casablanca the following day. The archive document states she arrived off Brest from Bermuda at 8 am on June 7, continuing to St. Nazaire that same day, departing again on June 12 for Donges (arrival not given), then on to Casablanca, with arrival June 17. According to Arnold Hague, the voyage to Casablanca was made in Convoy 50 BF (external link), which originated in Brest on June 13 and arrived Casablanca on June 19. (As will be seen, the Norwegian Stiklestad is also included in this convoy).
As mentioned, Krossfonn is said to have left Casablanca alone on June 19 in ballast for Fort de France, but never reached her destination. She was captured on June 26 by the German auxiliary cruiser Widder (von Ruckteschell) off the West Indies, camouflaged as the Swedish Narvik for the occasion. Please continue to my page Norwegian Victims of Widder for more details on this (includes a crew list).
Following capture, Krossfonn was sent to France, arriving Lorient on July 7. She was in service under the German flag with the name Spichern; bombed and badly damaged by allied aircraft at Brest on Aug. 9-1944, scuttled as blockship on Aug. 31.
Raised in two parts in 1947, towed to Kieler Howaldtswerke A/G, Kiel and repaired. Entered service in May-1949 as Ringfjell for Ringdals Rederi A/S (Olav Ringdal), Oslo, 9640 gt. Converted to bulk carrier in Rouen in 1955, 9789 gt. Sold in 1961 to Sameiet Ringsaker (Elisabeth Bruun & Co.), Tønsberg, renamed Ringsaker. Sold to German breakers in Febr.-1964.
Back to Krossfonn on the "Ships starting with K" page.
This company later had another Krossfonn, originally delivered in 1979 as Normand Ross for Johs. Solstad, Skudeneshavn, sold to Sig. Bergesen in 1984 and renamed Krossfonn. Later had misc. owners and names (Kongsbu 1985, Krossfonn 1986, Scan Partner 1986) until she was lost in 1988 when Iraqian aircraft sank the tanker Barcelona.
The text on this page was compiled with the help of: "Nortraships flåte", J. R. Hegland, and misc. as named.