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Updated Sept.-2013 - I've only removed and/or fixed broken links. This page is over 10 years old and there are a lot more informative websites today than those listed here. With today's search abilities, links pages like this are really no longer necessary; it's easy to find what we're looking for without them. This page will no longer be updated.
If you landed here outside my frames, please click here
Norwegian Merchant Marine & Navy
I have marked the sites that are in Norwegian with an N
Ships, sailors, Nortraship | The Battle of the Atlantic | Convoys | Facebook pages
The next two links go to pages on my own website; all the others are external.
The Norwegian Merchant Fleet 1939-1945
Lists Norwegian ships that sailed in the year 1939 through WW II, organized alphabetically, with information on what happened to them. Includes convoys, pages about German raiders, and much more.
and Nortraship's secret fund.
Passage to Freedom: a Tribute to the Norwegian merchant navy
A film about the Norwegian Merchant Fleet - from the Imperial War Museum
The History of Camp Norway, Lunenburg; includes names of Norwegians who are buried in Nova Scotia.
Panamanian and Honduran Ships
This page contains a summary and account of 67 Panamanian and Honduran flag merchant ships lost or damaged during World War II, and lists the names of a number of Norwegian seamen who were on board these ships (it's a section of the U.S. Armed Guard website). I thought perhaps it might prove useful for someone who's searching for a particular Norwegian sailor.
Merchant Mariners killed on U.S. Ships
Alphabetical list of seamen (many Norwegian) who died on U.S ships. This one is linked to the letter A, scroll down to get to the alphabet. (From American Merchant Marine at War).
I really like this site, it has gorgeous pictures of the ships discussed, and very informative articles. (Website for divers).
Alphabetical list of ships.
Information on ships belonging to the Sandefjord Companies Anders Jahre, Thor Dahl, A. C. Olsen, Haldor Viriks Rederi, Johan Rasmussens Rederi, and others.
Norwegian Naval Forces
From U-boat Net.
Sjømmennenes Minnehall N
(Seamen's Memorial Hall)
A memorial for seamen at Stavern, Norway. Searchable database containing the ship's name and the names of those who perished on each ship, along with a brief summary (in Norwegian) of what happened to the ship. "Søk navn" means 'search name', "søk skip" means 'search ship'. This website also has some foreign ships that had Norwegians on board. (Be aware that some errors have been found in the information).
The Other Side of the Medal
Poem about a war sailor, written by Michael Holmboe, Stavanger.
Og hver var satt til sin bestemte oppgave N
Norwegian bureacracy at its "best".
Military History on line - battle of the Atlantic
All aspects of the battle; includes the story of the Enigma and Ultra, articles on surface raiders, U-boats and convoys.
Battle of the Atlantic
Allied Communication Intelligence
Battle of the Atlantic Bookstore
From Tom Purnell's home page. Lots more than books here. (I've also linked to various sections of his page in my Ship Lists, as he writes extensively about Convoy HX 72 & U-100).
Note also that my own convoy section has a lot more information on misc. convoys, as well as several related links.
The convoy system, including the numbering system is explained in detail, with a list of all the intercepted convoys during the war. From here you can go to "The Greatest Convoy Battles" with information such as port of origin of each convoy, where it was headed, number of ships in the convoy and their names, name of attacking U-boat, ships lost, information on the escorts etc. In addition you can read about the U-boat Operations, and there's a list of all the German U-boats and information on their commanders. (From the excellent website U-Boat Net).
Battle of the Atlantic - Convoy ONS 154
Describes the battle for this convoy in great detail.
Joining the war at sea
A book by Franklyn E. Dailey Jr. This is linked to the chapter on convoy preparations, with details on Convoy HX 150, AT 20, KMF 25A, SC 48, ON 67. The site also has info on the loss of the Rescue Ship Toward, USS Buck and much more. Here's his Table of Contents.
Group Wotan and the Battle for Convoy SC 104
There are also articles about The battle for Convoy ON 113 and Convoys ONS-18/ON-202 The links keep changing (this is the 3rd or 4th time I've fixed them) so if these don't work, all the articles can be found on this page.
Convoy Escort Movements of Royal and Dominion Navy Warships
A section of the very informative Naval-History.net
Facebook pages (you have to be logged in to Facebook to see these):
The Invasion of North Africa
Coming to Africa
Chapter 5 of "Joining the War at Sea". Continue to Chapter 6 for more information.
The North Africa Campaign
Views on the campaign, background history. Created by Paul John.
U.S. Army Campaigns of WW II
It is not a pretty sight
The bomber pilot, Glen Edwards' diary from the months after the invasion. (There's also a book available which is based on the diary).
Links to articles on France & Morocco
Henri Philippe Petain
The president of the Vichy government. He was later sentenced to death, but the sentence was changed by De Gaulle to imprisonment for the rest of his life. (He died in prison in 1951).
Refugee Problem in France
A note sent by Secretary of State Cordell Hull to Gaston Henry-Haye, French Ambassador, January 9, 1941 . From WW II Recources, a site containing primary source material on the web (original documents regarding all aspects of the war).
United states policy
toward France and the French people - Text of a note dated April 13, 1942, from the Acting Secretary of State to His Excellency Gaston Henry-Haye, Ambassador of the French Republic. Dept. of State Bulletin, issue of April 18, 1942. Also from "WW II Resources".
WW I history links can be found on my Links page. Also, be aware that there are a lot more maritime and WW II links within my Ship Lists, related to the text on each individual page.
Allied Merchant Seamen, Navies & Ships, WW II
Gt. Britian | U.S.A. | The Netherlands
Merchant Navy Sites:
The Red Duster
The British Merchant Navy.
Alphabetical list of Empire ships (also, list of ship builders).
Fort Ships of WW II
Alphabetical lists with details of each ship. Also covers the "Ocean" and "Park" ships. Has an individual page on the loss of Fort Longueuil, crew list, survivors' stories etc.
Allied Merchant Seamen of WW II
Great site, with links to personal stories! Maintained by Maureen Venci (Canada).
Canadian WW II Merchant Ship Losses
Part of the "Naval Museum of Manitoba" website, link under the "Maritime Museums" section on this page.
Honours & Awards to Canadian Merchant Seamen WW II
A section of Awards to the Royal Canadian Navy - also covers pre war awards.
Ships attacked off the Australian coastline
A list of ships attacked by Japanese submarines in this area.
Fleet Air Arm Archive 1939-1945
British and Commonwealth naval aviation history with 1000 pages about squadron units, aircraft, aircraft carriers, museums and research. I've linked this one to the section "Ships", but the main page is easy to get to.
The Royal Naval Reserve Record of John Wilson
Forbes Wilson has created this extremely well researched site about his grandfather, John Wilson, skipper on board the British trawler Rutlandshire, which endured a violent attack by German bomber planes in Namsfjord outside of Namsos, Norway in April of 1940. The crew managed to get to shore and was taken care of by the Norwegians at Skomsvoll on the island of Otterøya (near Namsos) until they were picked up by the destroyer HMS Nubian (see the report from Nubian on Forbes' website). Includes background history for the attack on Norway, list of British trawlers lost in WW II, and a very helpful research page.
New development: Forbes has now found people at Skomsvoll who remembers this episode, and he and his father have been invited to the 17th of May celebrations in Namsos (Norway's Constitution Day) from 2001. Among a long list of items in the planned program the first time, they visited the house where John Wilson and his crew were given shelter that night in April-1940. I was lucky enough to be able to take part on May 17-2003 and it was a fantastic experience! Since 2001 Forbes has also found the descendants of the crews of other vessels involved and some of them were present when I visited Namsos this year.
A new quest: Forbes has found out that the ship's bell from Ruthlandshire still exists (in Stavanger) and would very much like a picture of it. So if anyone who knows where the bell is would contact either me (address at the bottom of this page) or Forbes (through his website) he would be most appreciative. This means a lot to him and his family.
The Naval Ships of Victor Johns in WW II
Another nice personal site, lots of information here too.
British Submarines of WW II
Huge site, with links to other countries' submarine sites.
Axis Submarines Destroyed by Canadian Forces, 1939-1945
Also from Rob Fisher's site.
Royal Australian Navy Gun Plot
This is huge! (WW I and II and more).
U.S. Merchant Marine in WW II
Very informative web site on the USMM. This link goes to a page dealing with convoys and Atlantic crossings, since that information relates to my father's story. But from there you can go to the Index page for a great variety of links. Norwegian Mariners or American, they were all in the same "boat"!
U.S. Merchant Ships Sunk or Damaged in World War II
The title is self explanatory, and this is a part of the above website USMM.
U.S. Merchant Ship Losses WW II
Listed by month (U.S. Coast Guard website).
American Merchant Ships sunk in WW II
List from Arthur Moore's "A Careless word, A needless sinking" - w/pictures (a portion of the Armed Guard website, link below).
US Armed Guard
Has several pictures of Liberty ships & others, among a huge variety of other items (merchant marine, pictures, excerpts from books, personal stories, articles, ship logs and reports; the list goes on and on).
U.S. Navy and Coast Guard Vessels
Sunk or Damaged Beyond Repair during World War II, 7 December 1941-1 October 1945.
The Dictionary of American Naval Fighting ships (destroyers, submarines, battleships, aircraft carriers, torpedo boats etc. etc).
Naval History & Heritage - Ship Histories
Not just US, but all nationalities. Includes list of former naval ships, preserved as museums, list of ships present at Pearl Harbor, 7 December 1941, list of ships present during Surrender Ceremony in Tokyo Bay, 2 September 1945 and much more - here's the main page.
The Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in World War II
By Robert J. Cressman. Very helpful resource, not only for information on events pertaining to the U. S. Navy, but also for facts on ships of other nations (From the website "Hyperwar").
Photo's and data of Dutch merchant ships from 1870 till present. Also has a list of Dutch ships sold to Norway.
The Holland-America Line
Ships past and present.
Royal Netherlands Navy Warships of World War II
Ships, bases, equipment, specials (informative articles), pictures, forum.
The Submarines of the Royal Netherlands Navy
From 1906 till 2000.
The Russian Navy
Not WW II, but interesting history, and worth a visit.
Russian Navy Weapons
Includes submarines, destroyers etc.
Swedish Merchant Ship Losses
WW I & WWII.
Germany / Italy / Japan
Ships, weapons and men of the Kriegsmarine. Lots of pictures.
Marauders of the Sea
Detailed accounts of the voyages of German raiders.
List of all the German U-boats, with information on each of them.
Search for German U-boat crew
Lots of pictures, as well as records from the National Archives at College Park, Maryland.
Very comprehensive website on the history of this U-boat.
Regia Marina Italiana
The Italian Navy in WW II. Submarines, ships, men, articles.
Japanese Naval and Merchant Shipping Losses
Losses during WW II.
Japan - Composition of a fleet
From "Encyclopedia of World War II Naval Battles", main page can be found under "Misc. Maritime" below.
Misc. Maritime Links, Ship Pictures and Notice Boards/Find Shipmates
Ships, battles, ship yards | Pictures of Ships | Notice Boards
Rederi AB Nordstjernan, Johnson Line
Lots of pictures and info (text is in Swedish).
Fakta om fartyg
Maritime disasters of WW II
The fate of over 140 ships of all nations, the Battleships, Cruisers, Aircraft Carriers, Liberty and Victory Ships, and the civilian luxury liners. Be sure to click on "lesser known facts" too! Part of George R. Duncan's web site.
Encyclopedia of WW II Naval Battles
Lists ships on all sides of the various battles, covering the Atlantic, Mediterranean, North Sea and Arctic, and Pacific. Also includes several convoy battles.
WW II Cruisers
Very comprehensive website, covering Allies and Axis, with pictures, histories and articles.
Sir Charles Goodeve
Development of degaussing.
List of ship owners.
Worldwide ship wreck registry
A site that offers ship wreck records for sale.
South Portland Shipyards of WW II
Honoring the men and women who built the Liberty Ships. Includes Ships List, photographs, history and more.
This is for a WW I list of standard built ships, but of course, most of these builders were also in existence during the 2nd war. Lists builders in United States, United Kingdom, Canada, China, Hong Kong and Japan and includes an alphabetical list of ships (from the "Mariners" website).
Clyde Built Ships Database
Includes ships of the Anchor Line, Andrew Weir, Ben Line and several others.
John Marsh Maritime Research Centre
A catalogue of a collection of 18000 photographs of 9200 ships taken in South Africa, mainly between 1921 and 1953. Prints can be ordered.
The National Maritime Museum Greenwich, London
They have an extensive collection of ships' photographs. I found several of my father's ships here by running a search under the ship's name.
Library of aerial maritime photography.
German Photo Archive
Title of the page is "Schiffsbuchhandlung Fuchs", but they also claim to have over 400 00 ship pictures of the German Merchant Fleet from 1870 until today.
Online Library of selected Images
Downloadable images from the Naval Historical Center home page. Includes ships from all over the world, and also other Naval related pictures, as well as civilian. Includes Norwegian Navy ships.
Japanese Navy Ships
Donwloadable pictures (includes submarines). From the above website.
History and pictures, also from the Naval Historical Center.
Ship photos from Stavanger, Norway (with links to several other websites with ship pictures).
Merchant Navy Nostalgia
Takes a while to load but has gorgeous pictures, covering Union-Castle Line, Cunard Steamship Co., General Cargo (Misc.), P & O and Orien Liners, Anchor Line, Ellerman Line and tankers.
Very nice postcard photos.
Ships of all nationalities.
Post war ships, 100's of pictures.
Royal Navy Warship Photographs
From the mid 1800's to the 21st century.
Ancestry.com WW II Forum
Includes a message board for Merchant Marines.
Veterans Search locator.
Museums and Memorials, POW's, Archives:
Museums & Memorials | POW's | Archives
The Norwegian Maritime Museum
The museum keeps a database of crew lists etc. (but this database is not on line).
Det jødiske museum i Trondheim N
(The Jewish Museum in Trondheim).
A great collection of articles.
Maritime & Naval Museums in Britain & Ireland
Listed by letters of the alphabet. It also lists about 500 historic museum-ships, many of which form part of the collections of some of the maritime museums in the main list.
Naval Museum of Manitoba
Canadian Navy ships, Merchant ships, pictures, histories.
The Mariners' Museum
Newport News, Virginia.
Smith's master index of maritime museum websites
By Robert Smith.
International Naval and Maritime Museums
Long list of links to maritime museums around the world. (Does not include U.S.A.).
The Commonwealth War Graves Commission
Holds a searchable Dept of Honour Register providing personal and service details and places of commemoration for the 1.7 million members of the Commonwealth forces (including the Merchant Navy) who died in the First or Second World Wars. (A record of some 60,000 civilian casualties of the Second World War is provided without details of burial location). Also lists civilians who were killed by enemy action in WWII.
Astralian War Memorial
Includes, among other things databases where 1000's of WW II photographs can be found, including ships, and a searchable Memorial Roll of Honour database. Details on over 102,000 of Australia's war dead. More than half the entries have additional information attached.
Burial Locations of Victoria Cross Recipients
See also my own Memorials page.
The Falstad Center
POW camp outside Trondheim, Norway.
Russian Prisoners in Norway N
National Archives, Norway.
Fleet Air Arm POWS
Lists names and camps (British aviators).
Prisoner of War
From Stalag 18A.
The Stove in Barracks 3
I love this story - well worth a read!
The forgotten camps
A very comprehensive list of the various WW II prison camps.
Anne Frank was not alone
Holland and the Holocaust.
From "The History Place" (this website takes a while to load).
Simon Wiesenthal Center
Articles and exhibits.
The Java Index
(British & Commonwealth prisoners).
Taiwan POW camps, incl. list of names of prisoners and several links to other POW websites.
Far East Prisoners of War, has a wealth of information.
Twelve Hundred Days
Russell A. Grokett's story of surviving the Bataan Death March and three years as a Japanese Prisoner of War. Includes photos, maps, and audio clips.
History of the American Defenders of Bataan & Corregidor, Inc.
A lot of information on POW's and prison camps, personal stories etc. Also has a section on the The Hellships of WW II with pictures of the ships, and a link to a roster of those who were on board Arisan Maru.
The Hell Ships
A section of NARA (Prologue Magazine).
Bridgend, South Wales
Researching Mariners and Ships
Tips on where to find archives on mariners in United Kingdom, United States, Canada, Norway, Denmark, Australia, New Zealand, West Indies, Germany, and Finland.
Sources of information for ships research
Useful information on how and where to do reasearch on ships, voyages etc. etc.
Looking for records of merchant ships
The national Archives
The National Archives of Norway
Go to "Search The Catalogues" to find Nortraship archives. Here are some other misc. Norwegian Archives (addresses and contact information can be found by clicking on each name).
Researching Mariners in Norwegian Archives
Information on how to obtain data on a Norwegian sailor or ship. From a web site entitled "Mariners", which also provides help for research into mariners and ships of the merchant marine and navies of several other countries.
Forbes Wilson's Research Tips
A section of "The Royal Naval Reserve Service Record of John Wilson", linked further up on this page under Gt. Britain. Includes addresses and info on where to find the misc. Admiralty Records.
Research Guide, Merchant Navy WW II
Information on where the misc. records are held (National Maritime Museum).
Naval Marine Archive
In Ontario, Canada.
Maritime History Archive
Memorial University of Newfoundland. Includes searchable crew lists.
The U.S. National Archives & Records Administration
(also has lists of war casualties).
Franklin D. Roosevelt Library
Has copies of original dokuments, correspondenc etc.
"Dedicated to the struggle of Norway in the spring of 1940. A campaign famous for the daring German assault over enemy controlled sea, Allied indecision, Norwegian failure and the traitor Quisling."
Norway During WW II
Interesting articles, pictures, popular forum, buying and selling of artifacts etc.
Tungtvannsaksjonen på Rjukan N
The "heavy water action" at Rjukan.
The story of 10 American airmen and their aircraft that crashlanded in Brunlanes, Norway.
The Norwegian armed forces
Includes info on the Norwegian Navy, ships, submarines etc. etc.
Battle of Hegra Fortress
Close to my heart (I made many a ski trip up there, and even lived there for a while when my grandmother cooked for students). Well known in Norway for its resistance to the Germans in WW II, with only a few brave men from the village (the last group in Norway to give up the fight).
Norsk Krigsleksikon N
Norwegian War Encyclopædia.
Indexed facts on the occupation years in Norway. Even if you don't speak the language, have a look at the many pictures.
The Soviet Advance into Norway
The World at War
A year by year, day by day account with links to related sites. Unfortunately, it doesn't look like it's monitored very well, because many of the links no longer work.
Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library.
Battle of Britain
Britain at War
Has a wealth of information, including Japanese POW's info.
How this newspaper covered various events during the war.
Sids War - the Story of an Argyle at War
A personal story, well worth a visit.
WW II Recources
A site containing primary source material on the web (original documents regarding all aspects of the war).
A hypertext history of the 2nd world war. Political Papers, Policy Statements, Treaties, etc. Military/Service Histories, Pacific Theater of Operations, European Theater of Operations and other useful sources.
The U.S. Army Center of Military History
Lots of WW II related articles.
A long list of links to web sites of sons and daughters who have written about their fathers' war experiences.
The Second WW Experience Center
Here are just a few examples of what can be found on this site - Celia's Story, Anna Golesworthy's Story (both were prisoners of the Japanese), Christopher Tulitt's Story (the sinking of the City of Athens, City of Canton and City of Adelaide), and many more.
Military aircraft crashes in Australia, military airfields, military units, military camps, prisoner of war and internment camps, command structure in the South West Pacific Area, signal intelligence units etc. etc.
The Russian Battlefield
Archival documents, personal stories, etc.
The Northern Mariana Islands & WW II
Japan as a Pacific power, Japanese Strategy, American Strategy, Invasion of Saipan (includes Amelia Earhart's story), the last surrender of WW II, Tinian offensive etc. etc.
Japan at War 1931 - 1945
Articles and books.
The Imperial Japanese Aviation Resource Center
Specifications and images of Japanese bomber aircraft.
The Berlin (Potsdam) Conference, July 17-August 2, 1945
Conclusions of The Berlin Conference of the three Heads of Government of the USSR, USA, and UK. From the Avalon Project (Documents in Law, History and Diplomacy), Yale law school. This excellent site also has other documents, from pre-18th century up until our time, including documents such as Germany's Declaration of War with the United States of December 11, 1941 and 100's of others. Well worth a visit.
WW I history links can be found on my "Links" page. Also, be aware that there are a lot more maritime and WW II links in my Ships Lists.