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D/S Viva
Updated Dec. 29-2011

To Viva on the "Ships starting with V" page.

Crew List

Source: Builder - From Roger W. Jordan.
The Australian War Memorial has another picture of this ship, taken in 1942 (external links).

Owner: Skibs-A/S Viva
Manager: C. H. Sørensen & Sønner, Arendal
3798 gt, 7260 tdwt
Signal Letters: LJWJ

Delivered on Apr. 19-1938 from Fredriksstad Mek. Verksted, Fredrikstad (287) as cargo vessel Viva to C. H. Sørensen & Sønner, Arendal, steel hull, 365.2’ x 57.3’ x 20.2’, 3798 gt, 7260 tdwt, 4cyl Compound steam engine (FMV) 353bhp, 11 knots. Transferred to Skibs-A/S Viva (C. H. Sørensen & Sønner, Arendal) on Apr. 21-1938.

Captain: Oscar Andersen

Related item on this website:
On my "Find Old Shipmates" Forum there's a message from the daughter of the stoker on board Viva; she's interested in getting in touch with someone who knew her father, Arne Kristian Kristiansen Nordaas (might be identical to the Arne Kristiansen, who's listed as carpenter in the crew list below?).

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
Page 1 | Page 2 | Page 3

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

Voyage Record
From Jan.-1941 to Febr.-1944:

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.

Errors may exist, and several voyages are missing.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1941 Jan. 31 Cristobal Trinidad Febr. 6 Independent A. Hague says:
Previously traded in Pacific.
Earlier voyages, Page 1
Febr. 7 Trinidad Capetown March 5 Independent
March 5 Capetown Lourenço Marques March 11 Independent
March 22 Lourenço Marques Durban March 23 Independent
Apr. 5* Durban Calcutta Apr. 23 Independent *Page 1 gives departure Apr. 2.
May 3 Calcutta Capetown May 30 Independent
June 1 Capetown Trinidad June 22 Independent
June 24 Trinidad Boston July 3 Independent
July 4 Boston New York City July 5 Independent
July 15 New York City Trinidad July 23 Independent
July 26 Trinidad Capetown Aug. 22 Independent
Aug. 23 Capetown Bombay Sept. 14 Independent
Sept. 23 Bombay Calcutta Oct. 2 Independent
Oct. 17 Calcutta Colombo Oct. 22 Independent
Oct. 26 Colombo Capetown Nov. 15 Independent
Nov. 16 Capetown Trinidad Dec. 9 Independent
Dec. 10 Trinidad St. John, N.B. Dec. 19 Independent
1942 Jan. 1 St. John, N.B. New York City Jan. 4 Independent
Febr. 25 New York City Trinidad March 6 Independent
March 7 Trinidad Capetown Apr. 2 Independent
Apr. 3 Capetown Bahrein Apr. 23* Independent *Page 2 gives arrival Apr. 27.
Apr. 28 Bahrein Basra Apr. 29 Independent
May 13 Basra Abadan May 13 Independent
May 14 Abadan Fremantle June 12 Independent
June 12 Fremantle Bunbury June 13 Independent
June 20 Bunbury Fremantle June 21 Independent
June 23 Fremantle Aden July 21 Independent
July 22 Aden Basra Aug. 5 Independent Via Khorramshahr
(Page 2).
Aug. 7 Basra Abadan Aug. 9 Independent
Aug. 31 Abadan Colombo Sept. 9 Independent
Sept. 23 Colombo Fremantle Oct. 13 Independent
Oct. 16* Fremantle Melbourne Oct. 23 Independent *Page 2 gives departure Oct. 14.
Oct. 26 Melbourne Sydney, N.S.W. Oct. 29 Independent
Nov. 3 Sydney, N.S.W. Newcastle, N.S.W. Nov. 3 Independent
Nov. 5 Newcastle, N.S.W. Sydney, N.S.W. Nov. 5 Independent
Nov. 23 Sydney, N.S.W. Melbourne Nov. 27 Independent
Dec. 2 Melbourne Bunbury Dec. 9 Independent
Dec. 14 Bunbury Fremantle Dec. 15 Independent
Dec. 15 Fremantle Basra Jan. 10-1943 Independent
1943 Jan. 30 Abadan Bandar Abbas Independent
Febr. 4 Bandar Abbas PA 23 For Capetown.
Detached Febr. 7.
Convoy available at PA 23
(external link)
Febr. 7 Detached from PA 23 Capetown Febr. 28 Independent
March 11* Capetown CN 12 Dispersed March 13.
Convoy available at CN 12
(external link)
*Compare w/Page 2
March 13 Detached from CN 12 Lagos March 22 Independent
Apr. 6 Lagos Walvis Bay Apr. 15 Independent
Apr. 16 Walvis Bay Capetown Apr. 20* Independent *See also Page 3
Apr. 24 Capetown Durban Apr. 28 CD 15 Convoy available at CD 15
(external link)
Missing voyages, Page 3.
June 10 Basra Bandar Abbas June 13 Independent On to Bombay same day
(Page 3).
June 21 Bombay Karachi June 23 Independent
June 30 Karachi Cochin July 5 Independent
July 23 Cochin Aden Aug. 3 Independent
Aug. 3 Aden Suez Aug. 9 Independent On to Port Said Aug. 10
(Page 3).
Aug. 11 Port Said Alexandria Aug. 12 Independent
Aug. 15 Alexandria Gibraltar Aug. 24 MKS 22 Alexandria to U.K.
Aug. 25 Gibraltar MKS 22G
(link above)
Convoy rendezvoused w/SL 135, Aug. 26.
Aug. 26 SL 135 & MKS 22 joined up Loch Ewe Sept. 5 SL 135/MKS 22 Convoy available at SL 135/MKS 22
(external link)
Sept. 5 Loch Ewe Methil Sept. 7 WN 476 Convoy available at WN convoys
(external link)
Sept. 7 Methil Southend Sept. 9 FS 1214A Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
See also Page 3
Sept. 24 Southend Methil Sept. 25 FN 1134A Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
Sept. 26 Methil Loch Ewe Sept. 28 EN 286 Convoy available at EN convoys
(external link)
Sept. 28 Loch Ewe New York City Oct. 15 ON 204 For Baltimore.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Nov. 21 New York City Hampton Roads Nov. 22 Independent
Nov. 24 Hampton Roads Port Said Dec. 21 UGS 25 For Port Said.
Convoy available at UGS convoys
(external link)
On to Suez same day
(Page 3).
Dec. 23 Suez Aden Dec. 29 Independent
Dec. 29 Aden Karachi Jan. 4-1944 Independent
1944 Jan. 11 Karachi Bombay Jan. 13 Independent
Jan. 23 Bombay Cochin Jan. 26 BM 83 Convoy available at BM convoys
(external link)
Febr. 5 Cochin Independent Sunk - See "Final Fate" below

 Some Convoy Voyages: 

Judging from the information found on Page 1 of the archive documents, it looks like Viva was in Calcutta when war broke out in Norway on Apr. 9-1940. She had arrived there from Shanghai on Apr. 4, departing for Singapore on Apr. 18. Her 1941 voyages also start on this document and continue on Page 2, which also shows her 1942 voyages (it'll be noticed that she had a long stay in New York at the beginning of that year, also spending 3 weeks at Abadan that fall, with another long stay in Sydney later on) and some early 1943 voyages. The rest are listed on Page 3. Convoy information for some of these can be found in the table above.

In Aug.-1943, she's listed in Convoy SL 135/MKS 22, bound for London with Government stores. SL 135 had started out in Freetown on Aug. 14 and joined up with MKS 22 from Gibraltar on the 26th, the combined convoy arriving Liverpool on Sept. 6; Viva stopped at Loch Ewe on Sept. 5, later arriving Gravesend on Sept. 9. She had been in the MKS portion, which can be found at MKS 22. See also the second table on my page about this convoy, showing that she had been with the convoy from Alexandria. Other Norwegian ships taking part in the combined convoy, which is available via the external link provided in the Voyage Record, were Borgholm, Bosphorus, Nyhorn, Spurt and Thalatta.

Later that month, she made a voyage to New York, having joined the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 204, which originated in Liverpool on Sept. 28 and arrived New York Oct. 15. Several Norwegian ships took part - see ships in all ON convoys (will be added to an individual page in due course, with more information). From the U.S., she headed to Port Said the following month - see Voyage Record above and Page 3. This document gives her final destination as Karachi, where she arrived Jan. 4-1944, later proceeding to Bombay and Cochin.

More information on the other Norwegian ships mentioned here is available via the alphabet index at the end of this page, or go to the Master Ship Index.

 Final Fate - 1944: 

Viva had left Cochin on Febr. 5-1944 with 6000 tons general cargo for the U. K. via Aden. Torpedoed twice and sunk on Febr. 9 by U-188 (Lüdden), 12 30(40?)N 57 50E. The 1st torpedo hit in the deeptank on the starboard side, completely destroying the starboard motor lifeboat, but after the engine had been stopped the remaining 3 boats were lowered and quickly rowed away. Viva had a heavy list to starboard, and about 25 minutes later the 2nd torpedo hit in the aft port side resulting in an enormous explosion (it's possible the boilers exploded at the same time), and within about 7 minutes, the ship was gone. Page 3 gives the time as 22:22.

All 37 survived and were picked up in 13 00N 55 20E by the British S/S Marwarri (Captain Armstrong) in the morning of Febr. 11 and landed in Aden on Febr. 14.

 Summary of Statements: 
The maritime hearings were held in Suez on Febr. 29-1944 with the captain, the 1st engineer, Able Seaman Monsen and the 1st and 3rd mates appearing.

The captain was in his cabin when the attack occurred at 21:50 and was thrown bodily into the saloon by the force of the explosion, the ship listing 20-25° to starboard. There was an inrush of water, accompanied by fumes from the exploding torpedo. He got to his feet and went to the navigating bridge, where he found the port midships lifeboat in the process of being lowered in charge of the 1st mate. After having assisted in launching the boat, the captain returned to the saloon with the intention of getting the ship's papers, but this was impossible due to the heavy fumes, so he proceeded aft where he joined the crew in No. 4 lifeboat, which had been launched in the meantime.

All 3 boats had rowed about 1/2 a mile away from the ship before they at 22:15 observed the second torpedo hit, which appeared to break the ship in 2, the stern part going down first, followed by the forward part which rose out of the water and sank. At midnight, they stopped and distributed the crew in equal numbers in the 3 boats.

The 1st engineer, who had been in the engine room, stated that a severe shock was felt when the torpedo struck, and water poured down the engine room skylight and ventilators. After having stopped the engines on orders from the bridge, he joined those in the port midships lifeboat.

The 1st mate was in his cabin and was thrown to the floor by the impact of the torpedo. In spite of the rush of water through the passageway, he suceeded in gaining the chartroom where he was requested by the radio operator to help start the main transmitter, but this could not be done.

The 3rd mate, who was on watch on the bridge, stated that he felt a heavy shock, accompanied by a spout of water which rose to a considerable height and he was thrown off his feet. After having rung down to the engine room to stop engines, and sounded the alarm bell, he proceeded aft to the port boat.

Able Seaman Monsen, who had been on lookout duty on the starboard side of the bridge, later proceeded aft to No. 2 lifeboat (starboard).

Jürgen Rohwer does not mention a 2nd torpedo.

U-188 was also responsible for the attack on Britannia the year before - follow the link for more details.

On my "Find Old Shipmates" Forum there's a message from the daughter of the stoker on board Viva; she's interested in getting in touch with someone who knew her father, Arne Kristian Kristiansen Nordaas (might be identical to the Arne Kristiansen who's listed as carpenter below?).

Crew List - No casualties:
* The Norwegian Scotia also had a Karl Hustvedt - same person? Erviken had a Robert Dalstrøm
The name Ole Olsen shows up in several crew lists (Augvald, Bolette, Bollsta, Hermod, Hill, Ingrid, Ole Wegger, Reiås, Rigmor, Trafalgar, Vinni and several others), but is such a common name that it's impossible to determine which one, if any, is identical to the Ole Olsen below.
Captain Andersen had previously served on
Carrier - see also this external page.
Guttorm Monsen later joined
Thorshavn - his other ships are named on this external page.
The steward had previously been on board
Jaspis when interned - following the loss of Viva he joined Ora.
The 2nd engineer had been on board since 1938.
One of the able seamen on board had been torpedoed 3 times before this incident.
Arne Kristiansen had also survived the attack on
Malmanger. Again, see also this Forum message.

Oscar Andersen
1st Mate
Erling Ringdal
2nd Mate
Rolf Jensen
3rd Mate
Peder Pedersen
Radio Operator
David Hunter
Radio Operator
Olav Helgesen
Arne Kristiansen
Abraham Ekeland
Able Seaman
Ole Olsen
Able Seaman
Guttorm Monsen
Able Seaman
Erling Berntsen
Able Seaman
Bjarne Bonå
Able Seaman
Ivar Sjånes
Able Seaman
Jørgen Kjeding
Able Seaman/Gunner
Robert Dalstrøm*
Able Seaman/Gunner
Jarl Kristiansen
Able Seaman/Gunner
Harald Kleppe
Ordinary Seaman
Henry Murray
Ordinary Seaman
Osvald Dyrøy
1st Engineer
Carlsberg Andersen
2nd Engineer
Rudolf Pedersen
3rd Engineer
Leif Hansen
Johan Bjørklund
Sigurd Olaussen
Ove Corneliussen
Ingvald Thorsen
Maurice Meyers
Karl Hustvedt*
Erling Lund
Trygve Ness
Perry Paulsen
Galley Boy
Henry Price
Galley Boy
Ronald Tarten
Mess Boy
Geroge Woodham
Mess Boy
Eugen Ingebritsen
Saloon Boy
Jarl Kristiansen
Harald Brekke
Buesten had a mate by the name Harald Brekke.

Related external link:

Back to Viva on the "Ships starting with V" page.

The text on this page was compiled with the help of: "Nortraships flåte", J. R. Hegland, "Sjøforklaringer fra 2. verdenskrig", Volume II (Norwegian Maritime Museum), and misc. (ref. My sources). Pre war history is from T. Eriksen, Norway - his source: Article by Toralf Nilsen about C. H. Sørensen in "Skipet" 1.90


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