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M/S Tungsha
Updated Oct. 18-2012

To Tungsha on the "Ships starting with T" page.

A picture is available on this external page (click in it to make it larger).

Manager: Wilh. Wilhelmsen, Tønsberg
5505 gt, 3359 net, 9170 tdwt.
Dimensions: 426.8' x 55.2' x 27.6'.
Machinery: Two 6 cyl. 4 scsa oil engines totalling 3100 ihp by Algemeine Electricitäts Gesellschaft, Berlin, driving twin screws. Service speed 11.5 knots, 12 passengers.

Launched on June 14-1924 by Deutsche Werft A.G., Hamburg (Yard No. 65), completed Aug. 9-1924. First ship in the Scandinavian-Middle East Line.

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
Page 1 | Page 2 | Page 3 | Page 4 | Page 5

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

  Voyage Record
From Apr.-1940 to Aug.-1945:  

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.

Errors may exist, and some voyages are missing.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1940 Apr. 3 Port Said Gibraltar Apr. 11 Independent Earlier voyages, Page 1
Apr. 13 Gibraltar Gibraltar Apr. 15 HG 26 Returned
(not mentioned Page 1).
Convoy available at HG 26
(external link)
Apr. 21 Gibraltar Falmouth Apr. 29 HG 27
May 18 Falmouth Weymouth Bay May 19 Independent
May 22 Weymouth Bay London May 23 Independent Left London June 11
(Page 1)
June 13 Downs OA 167 For New York City.
Dispersed June 16.
Convoy available at OA 167
(external link)
June 16 Dispersed from OA 167 New York City June 28 Independent A. Hague says:
Crew dispute in New York
Oct. 9 New York City Halifax Oct. 12 Independent
Nov. 7 Halifax St. John, N.B.* Nov. 9 Independent *Page 1 gives St. John's, N.F.
Nov. 23 St. John, N.B.* Halifax Nov. 25 Independent *St. John's, N.F.
Nov. 29 Halifax Oban Dec. 12 HX 92
Dec. 14 Clyde Methil Dec. 18 WN 54 Convoy available at WN convoys
(external link)
Dec. 21 Methil Hull Dec. 23 FS 366 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
1941 Jan. 11 Hull Methil Jan. 12 FN 380 Page 1 gives departure Hull Jan. 9.
Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
Jan. 13 Methil Cardiff Jan. 19 EN 56/1 A. Hague says:
Independent from Oban area.
Convoy available at EN convoys
(external link)
Febr. 16 Cardiff Clyde Febr. 18 Independent (See also Page 1 & narrative below)
March 9 Clyde OB 295 For Chile.
Dispersed March 14.
Convoy available at OB 295
(external link)
March 14 Dispersed from OB 295 Cristobal Apr. 3 Independent
Apr. 4 Balboa Antofagasta Apr. 13 Independent
May 9 Antofagasta Tocopilla Independent
May 12 Tocopilla Balboa May 22 Independent
June 3 Cristobal Halifax June 13 Independent
June 26 Halifax Oban July 11 HX 135 See also narrative below
July 11 Oban Clyde July 12 Independent A. Hague says:
Requiring engine repairs
Missing movements, Page 2
Dec. 31 Clyde Broken down, drifting Jan. 11-1942 ON 52 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
1942 Jan. 13 Under way Reykjavik Jan. 17 Independent
March 10 Reykjavik Halifax March 25 ON 74 Joined from Iceland March 14.
Convoy will be added.
See link above
March 27 Halifax St. John, N.B. March 29 XB 5 For St. John, N.B.
Convoy available at XB convoys
(external link)
Apr. 4 St. John, N.B. Boston Apr. 6 Independent
May 19 Boston Quonset May 20 Independent
May 29 Quonset New York City May 29 Independent
June 7 New York City Cape Cod Bay Independent
June 8 Cape Cod Bay Halifax June 12 BX 23B Convoy available at BX convoys
(external link)
June 14 Halifax Halifax June 15 HX 194 Returned, collision Kaaparen
(see also narrative below).
June 21 Halifax Clyde July 2 HX 195
Aug. 6 Clyde New York City Aug. 20 ON 119 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Sept. 5 New York City Cape Cod Bay Independent Page 2 gives arrival Boston, Sept. 7.
Sept. 8 Boston Cape Cod Bay Sept. 9 BX 37B A. Hague says:
Put back.
Convoy available at BX convoys
(external link)
Sept. 9 Cape Cod Bay Halifax Sept. 12 BX 37 Convoy available at link above
Sept. 13 Halifax Belfast Lough Sept. 24 HX 207 A. Hague says:
8 Passengers
Sept. 25 Belfast Lough Cardiff Sept. 27 BB 223 Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
Oct. 13 Cardiff Milford Haven Oct. 14 Independent
Oct. 15 Milford Haven New York City Nov. 1 ON 139 Via Belfast Lough
(Page 2).
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Dec. 13 New York City Belfast Lough Dec. 28 HX 219 (See also narrative below)
Dec. 28 Belfast Lough Holyhead* Independent *Page 3 gives arrival Cardiff Dec. 30.
1943 Jan. 19 Cardiff Milford Haven Jan. 20 Independent Via Barry Roads
(Page 3)
Jan. 21 Milford Haven Halifax Febr. 7 ON 162 Via Belfast Lough
(Page 3).
Apr. 4 Halifax Belfast Lough Apr. 16 HX 232 Convoy will be added.
See ships in HX convoys
Apr. 16 Belfast Lough Avonmouth Apr. 18 BB 280 Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
May 2 Avonmouth Swansea May 3 Independent
May 8 Swansea Milford Haven May 9 Independent
May 9 Milford Haven Portland, Maine May 25 ON 183 For Portland, Maine.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
June 15 Portland, Maine Boston Independent
June 17 Boston Halifax June 19 BX 58 Convoy available at BX convoys
(external link)
June 25 Halifax Liverpool July 7 HX 245
July 16 Liverpool Halifax July 28 ON 193 For Halifax.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Aug. 29 Halifax Avonmouth Sept. 12 HX 254 See also narrative below
Sept. 27 Avonmouth Halifax Oct. 13 ON 204 For St. John, N.B.
Convoy will be added.
See link above
Oct. 14 Halifax St. John, N.B. Oct. 15 Independent
Oct. 30 St. John, N.B. Halifax Nov. 1 FH 83A Convoy available at FH convoys
(external link)
Nov. 2 Halifax Liverpool Nov. 17 HX 264 Convoy will be added.
See ships in HX convoys
Dec. 9 Liverpool ON 215 For St. John, N.B.
Detached Dec. 26.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Dec. 26 Detached from ON 215 St. John, N.B. Dec. 27 Independent
1944 Jan. 11 St. John, N.B. Halifax Jan. 13 FH 96A Convoy available at FH convoys
(external link)
Jan. 24 Halifax Halifax Jan. 27 HX 276 (See also narrative below).
Febr. 14 Halifax Liverpool March 1 HX 279
March 28 Liverpool ONS 32 For Charleston.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ONS convoys
Apr. 17 From ONS 32 Cape Cod Canal Apr. 19 XB 104 Convoy available at XB convoys
(external link)
Apr. 19 Cape Cod Canal New York City Apr. 20 Independent
Apr. 21 New York City Charleston, SC Apr. 24 Independent
May 10 Charleston, SC Baltimore May 13 Independent
June 13 Baltimore New York City June 16 Independent
June 20 New York City Gitmo June 27 NG 442 Convoy available at NG convoys
(external link)
June 27 Gitmo Macoris June 30 Independent
July 9 Macoris Gitmo July 11 Independent
July 11 Gitmo New York City July 17 Independent
July 25 New York City Liverpool Aug. 8 HX 301
Sept. 1 Liverpool New York City Sept. 19 ON 251 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Sept. 28 New York City NG 462 Detached Oct. 5.
Convoy available at NG convoys
(external link)
Oct. 5 Detached from NG 462 Ciudad Trujillo Oct. 6 Independent Left for Macoris Oct. 10
(Page 4).
Oct. 18 Macoris Gitmo Oct. 20 Independent
Oct. 22 Gitmo New York City Oct. 26 Independent
Oct. 30 New York City Southend Nov. 13 HX 317 See also Page 4
Dec. 3 Southend New York City Dec. 22 ON 270
1945 Jan. 7 New York City Ciudad Trujillo Jan. 14 Independent Left Jan. 19
(Page 4).
Jan. 25 Puerto Plata Gitmo Jan. 26 Independent
Jan. 27 Gitmo Jucaro Jan. 29 Independent
Febr. 13 Jucaro New York City Febr. 20 Independent
Febr. 23 New York City Liverpool March 10 HX 340 Convoy will be added.
See ships in HX convoys
March 28 Liverpool New York City Apr. 14 ON 293 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Apr. 21 New York City NG 503 Detached Apr 23.
Convoy available at NG convoys
(external link)
Apr. 23 Detached from NG 503 Cienfuegos Apr. 28 Independent
May 6 Cienfuegos Gitmo May 7 Independent
May 8 Gitmo New York City May 15 GN 204 Convoy available at GN convoys
(external link)
May 19 New York City Halifax May 23 HX 357 Returned.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in HX convoys
May 25 Halifax Liverpool June 6 HX 358 Convoy will be added.
See link above
June 26 Liverpool Montreal July 8 Independent
July 18 Montreal Oslo Aug. 5 Independent Via Kirkwall.
Subsequent voyages:
Page 4 & Page 5

 Some Convoy Voyages: 
For information on voyages made in between those mentioned here, please see the documents received from the National Archives of Norway and A. Hague's Voyage Record above. Follow the convoy links provided for more information; the Commodore's notes are also available for some of them, and several Norwegian ships took part.

As will be seen when going to Page 1 of the archive documents, Tungsha arrived Gibraltar on Apr. 11-1940, 2 days after the German invasion of Norway. It looks like she had originally been intended for Norway, but was diverted to London. She's listed in Convoy HG 27, which left Gibraltar for the U.K. on Apr. 21. Her destination is given as Falmouth, and she had station 52 (according to Arnold Hague, she had initially started out in the previous convoy on Apr. 13, HG 26, but returned to port - this convoy is not available among the HG convoys included in my own Convoys section, but I've linked directly to Hague's listing in the Voyage Record above). Tungsha arrived Falmouth on Apr. 29, remaining there for about 3 weeks. She later arrived London on May 23.

She was still in London at the time of the evacuations of Dunkirk, and the captain reported that all 5 of her lifeboats were requisitioned and towed to Dunkirk, along with hundreds of others. 3 were returned after the evacuations were completed June 4, and 2 of them were full of bullet holes, bearing witness to what had taken place.

Later that month, she shows up among the ships in Convoy OA 167, which left Southend on June 13 and dispersed on the 16th, Tungsha arriving New York on June 28. Other Norwegian ships included in this convoy are Heina, Lysaker IV and Troja (Svint was also scheduled, but did not sail - ref. external link in the table above). It'll be noticed, when going back to Page 1, that Tungsha subsequently remained in New York for a long time; departure is given as Oct. 9, when she proceeded to Halifax, with arrival Oct. 12. According to A. Hague, there had been some problems with her crew (my page about Nortraship has information on some of the problems encountered that year). She also spent quite a long time in Halifax, before continuing to St. John's, N.F. on Nov. 7, later returning to Haliax in order to join Convoy HX 92 on Nov. 29, bound for Hull with a cargo of steel, sailing in station 81. The Ocean Escort's report is also available for this convoy, which lost several ships. Tungsha arrived Hull, via various other ports, on Dec. 23.

As will be seen when going back to Page 1, Tungsha had a long stay in Cardiff at the beginning of 1941. On Febr. 18, she collided with the British Middleton, which sank - see Convoy SC 21 as well as this thread on my Ship Forum (please note that Tungsha was not in this convoy herself - she had left Cardiff on Febr. 16). The following month, she's listed as bound for Panama and Chile in Convoy OB 295, originating in Liverpool on March 8, dispersed March 14. Again, ref. external link provided in the Voyage Record, John P. Pedersen, Norse King and Topdalsfjord are also named. From the archive document, we learn that Tungsha arrived Cristobal on Apr. 3, having sailed from Clyde on March 9. According to Page 2, she subsequently proceeded to Antofagasta, where she remained for over 3 weeks, before continuing to Tocopilla.

With nitrates for Newport, she was scheduled for Convoy HX 133 from Halifax on June 16-1941, but did not sail; this was the convoy in which Soløy and Vigrid (and several others) were sunk, and Kongsgaard was torpedoed and damaged - follow the links for more details. Tungsha was also cancelled from HX 134 on June 20 (see also the Commodore's report), but eventually got away with Convoy HX 135 on June 26, destination is now given as Leith, station 92. The Commodore does not sound happy with her, he says: "Fine passage, no incidents. Ships seem to be suffering by want of proper periodic overhauls due to war. On sixteen occasions ships had to stop or go dead slow on account of engine or steering gear defects, once leading to collision (see Grey County). The convoy had to be constantly reducing speed on this account. The Norwegian Tungsha was the worst offender falling out 5 times to effect repairs. Was ordered to Glasgow for repairs before proceeding to an east coast port". She arrived Oban on July 11, then continued to Glasgow, where she remained for several months, so it looks she did undergo some repairs - again, see Page 2.

We now find her in the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 52*, which originated in Liverpool on Dec. 31-1941 and dispersed Jan. 11-1942. Her destination is not given, but according to the archive document mentioned above, she arrived Reykjavik on Jan. 17, having sailed from Clyde Dec. 31. However, it does not look as though this was her intended destination; the document gives her destination as Halifax, and A. Hague says she had broken down and was drifting on Jan. 11, but got underway again on the 13th, with arrival Reykjavik as mentioned. She did not leave Reykjavik again until March 10, joining the westbound Convoy ON 74* on March 14. This convoy had originated in Liverpool on March 9 and arrived Halifax on the 25th. Both these convoys had several Norwegian ships, namely Bello, Brasil, Kaia Knudsen, Katy, Morgenen, Mosli, Nyholt, Solsten, Stigstad, Thorshøvdi and Vanja in ON 52, with Montbretia and Rose among the escorts (see ON convoy escorts), and Arosa, Beth, Borgfred, Elg, Sirehei, Thorsholm, Titanian and Tortugas in ON 74. From Halifax, Tungsha proceeded to St. John, N.B. a couple of days later, and from there to Boston, where she spent several weeks (Page 2).

On June 14-1942, she was involved in a collision with the Swedish Kaaparen, 3 miles off Halifax East Lightvessel, while on her way from Halifax to Glasgow in Convoy HX 194. The Swedish ship sank following the collision. The accident happened as the convoy was forming. Kaaparen was, in fact, the former Norwegian Larviksfjord, Den norske Amerikalinje, built 1930, which had been sold in 1932 to A/B Götaverken, Gothenburg for rebuilding (following a fire in Sept.-1931), then sold again in 1933 to Rederi-A/B Transatlantic (Gunnar Carlsson), Sweden and renamed Kaaparen. Tungsha put back to Halifax, joining the next convoy on June 21, HX 195, and arrived Glasgow July 2, subsequently remaining in the U.K. for over a month. Together with Belinda, Scebeli, Sir James Clark Ross and Trondheim, she then returned across the Atlantic with Convoy ON 119*, originating in Liverpool on Aug. 5, arriving New York Aug. 20. On Sept. 13, she headed back to the U.K. again in Convoy HX 207 from Halifax, and arrived Cardiff (via Belfast Lough - Page 2) on Sept. 27 (note that she's also mentioned in the Commodore's notes). According to A. Hague, she had 8 passengers on board on this voyage.

The following month, she joined Convoy ON 139*, which originated in Liverpool on Oct. 16 and arrived New York Nov. 1 and also included Fernmoor (returned), Idefjord, Norsktank, Reinholt (returned), Trondheim (returned) and the Panamanian Vestfold (Norwegian managers). Tungsha now stayed in New York for several weeks. With a general cargo for Cardiff, she was scheduled for Convoy HX 218 on Dec. 5, but instead joined the next convoy on Dec. 13, HX 219, station 31. She also carried 10 passengers on this voyage. The convoy encountered bad weather and Tungsha became a straggler on Dec. 21 (see the notes on my page about HX 219). She arrived Belfast Lough on the 28th (Page 2), Cardiff on the 30th (where she remained for 3 weeks, according to Page 3).

For her return voyage, she joined Convoy ON 162 in Jan.-1943. This convoy arrived New York on Febr. 11, but Tungsha stopped at Halifax on Febr. 7, and did not leave again until Apr. 4, when she joined the Halifax portion of Convoy HX 232*, according to A. Hague. Belinda, California Express, Heranger, Skandinavia, Thorhild, Thorshøvdi, Tigre and Ørnefjell are also listed in this convoy, which had sailed from New York on Apr. 1 and arrived Liverpool Apr. 16, having lost 4 ships (ref. external link at the end of this page) - Tungsha arrived Avonmouth, via Belfast Lough, on Apr. 18. With Brimanger, Gefion, Laurits Swenson (Commodore Vessel), Noreg, Santos, Vinga and Washington Express, she later joined the westbound Convoy ON 183*, originating in Liverpool on May 10, arriving New York May 25; Tungsha's destination is given as Portland, Maine, and she arrived there on May 25, having started out from Milford Haven on May 9 (Page 3).

Following a 3 weeks' stay in Portland, she proceeded to Boston, then on to Halifax, and we now find her in Convoy HX 245, which had originated in New York on June 23, but Tungsha joined from Halifax on the 26th (as did Santos and Idefjord), taking station 37 of the convoy. She had a general cargo for Liverpool, where she arrived July 7. She headed in the other direction again with Convoy ON 193*, which departed Liverpool on July 16 and arrived New York July 31, but Tungsha stopped at Halifax on the 28th. As usual, several Norwegian ships had taken part, namely Bralanta, Chr. Th. Boe, Fagerfjell, Fernwood, Geisha, Harpefjell, Herbrand, Hiram, Idefjord, Maud, Meline, Norlom, O. B. Sørensen, Para, Samuel Bakke, Sandviken, Santos, Skaraas, Skjelbred, Stiklestad, Thorhild and Thorshov, as well as the Panamanian Norlys (Norwegian managers).

Tungsha subsequently had another long stay in port. With a general cargo for Avonmouth, she was scheduled for the Halifax portion of Convoy HX 252 on Aug. 16-1943, but did not sail (Santos was lost - follow the link for details. The Commodore's narrative is also available; see also these reports, as well as this page). Tungsha was also cancelled from HX 253 on Aug. 22, but eventualy got away with the Halifax portion of Convoy HX 254 on Aug. 29, and arrived her destination on Sept. 12. She left Avonmouth again on Sept. 27, joining the westbound Convoy ON 204*, which originated in Liverpool on Sept. 28 and arrived New York Oct. 15 and also had Fernmoor, Fjordaas, Minerva, Montevideo, Salamis, Solør, Villanger and Viva in its ranks; Tungsha, carrying china clay (station 124) arrived St. John, N.B., via Halifax, on Oct. 15. With a general cargo and explosives, A. Hague now has her returning to the U.K. in Convoy HX 264*, originating in New York on Oct. 31, arriving Liverpool Nov. 17; Tungsha again joined from Halifax (Page 3 gives departure Nov. 2), taking station 134. Dageid, Fagerfjell, Kaldfonn, Lista, Montevideo, Samuel Bakke (Vice Commodore Vessel), Skaraas and Spinanger are also listed. Her last Trans-Atlantic convoy voyage that year was made, with Abraham Lincoln (Commodore Vessel), Fernmoor, Idefjord, Mosli and Samuel Bakke, in the westbound Convoy ON 215*, which left Liverpool on Dec. 9 and arrived New York on the 28th, but Tungsha was again bound for St. John, N.B., where she arrived Dec. 27, having been detached from the convoy the day before (according to A. Hague).

From St. John, N.B., she proceeded to Halifax on Jan. 11-1944, with arrival Jan. 13 and on Jan. 15, she was scheduled for the Halifax portion of Convoy HX 275, but did not sail (Vice Commodore, captain of Samuel Bakke). She subsequently joined the Halifax section of HX 276 (Commodore in Abraham Lincoln), but put back to Halifax, and does not show up again until HX 279 on Febr. 14, general cargo and mail for Liverpool, where she arrived Febr. 29 (all these convoys started out in New York, follow the links for more info on them - Emma Bakke's captain served as Vice Commodore for HX 279). A month later we find Tungsha, together with Alaska, Chr. Th. Boe, Fjordheim, Minerva, Ragnhild, Stirlingville and Tropic Star, in Convoy ONS 32*, which departed Liverpool on March 28 and arrived Halifax Apr. 18; her destination is given as Charleston, and she arrived there, via New York, on Apr. 24 (Page 3 - as can be seen, she subsequently had a long stay in Baltimore).

In July that year, I have her in Convoy HX 301 from New York, for which Reinholt served as the Commodore Vessel, while the Vice Commodore was in Samuel Bakke. Tungsha was bound for Liverpool with sugar and general. With Bernhard, Elg, Evanger, Ferncliff (returned), Fjordheim (sunk - follow link for details), Germa, Grey County, Heimgar, Henrik Ibsen, Rutenfjell, Snar, Thorhild, Veni and Vera, as well as the Panamaian Norbris, she later went back across the Atlantic with Convoy ON 251*, which left Liverpool on Sept. 1 and arrived New York on the 19th; in fact, Tungsha served as Commodore Vessel on this occasion. At the end of the following month, she joined Convoy HX 317 from New York, general cargo for London, then in Dec.-1944, she can be found among the ships in the westbound Convoy ON 270, arriving New York on Dec. 22. Her voyages in this period are shown on Page 4.

Tungsha also acted as Commodore vessel for Convoy HX 340* (Commodore F. Batsey R.N.), which left New York on Febr. 23-1945 and arrived Liverpool on March 10 and also included California Express, Fagerfjell, Ferncourt, Fjordaas, Gefion (returned), Ivaran and Kaldfonn. Later that month we find her, with Egda, Katy, Samuel Bakke, Skaraas, Torborg and Velma, in the westbound Convoy ON 293*, departing Southend on March 27, arriving New York Apr. 15, Tungsha again serving as Commodore Vessel. On May 19, she joined Convoy HX 357* from New York, in order to head back to the U.K., but put into Halifax on May 23, later joining Convoy HX 358* from there, cargo of sugar, station 32. This convoy had originated in New York on May 23 and arrived Liverpool June 6. Abraham Lincoln (Commodore Vessel), Brimanger, Fagerfjell, Jotunfjell, Kaldfonn, Montevideo, Thorshavn and Østhav are also named in HX 357, while Ferncourt, Fosna and Gefion are listed in HX 358.

From Page 4, we learn that she went home to Norway in Aug.-1945 - see also Page 5.

* The ON and ONS convoys will be added to individual pages in my Convoys section in due course, along with further details on each. In the meantime, the ships sailing in them (and escorts) are named in the section listing ships in all ON convoys and on the page for ships in all ONS convoys. Additionally, the entire HX series will be updated and completed (including the already existing convoys - some have already been updated), but for now, please see ships in all HX convoys.

More info on the other Norwegian ships mentioned here is available via the alphabet index below, or go to the Master Ship Index.


Sold on Dec. 8-1948 to Olaf Pedersen's Rederi (Olaf Pedersen, manager), Oslo and continued on charter to Wilh. Wilhelmsen. Renamed Sunny Queen in 1951. Sold in 1957 to Marconquista Cia. Nav. S.A., Liberia and renamed Roula. Arrived Osaka on Febr. 21-1960 to be scrapped by Banno Tsusho K.K. who commenced work on Apr. 20-1960 at Kinoe, Hiroshima Prefecture.

Related external links:
Operation Dynamo - The evacuation of Dunkirk

Ships hit from convoy HX 232

Back to Tungsha on the "Ships starting with T" page.

Wilh. Wilhelmsen later had another ship by this name, 1952-1972.

The text on this page was compiled with the help of: Wilh. Wilhelmsen fleet list, Norwegian America Line fleet list, and misc. (ref. My sources).


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