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D/S Karlander
Updated Nov. 25-2011

To Karlander on the "Ships starting with K" page.

Manager: H. Th. Wilkens & Co. A/S, Fredrikstad
1843 gt, 1092 net, 3000 tdwt
Signal Letters: LDDS

Built in Oslo in 1914. Previous names: Frolund until 1914, Visna until 1929.

Captain: Gerhard Reichelt. He later became captain of Annavore, and died when that ship was sunk in Dec.-1941. (Captain Reichelt's son Erik was among those involved in the tragic loss of Brattholm I - follow link for details. He also had another son, Borti, who was involved in illegal activities in Norway and was shot by the Germans in Oct.-1944).

Related items on this website:
Guestbook message from the captain's grandson.
Guestbook message from the grandson of Olav Espe, who served on this ship. He's looking for more info on him (E-mail address can be supplied via my contact address at the bottom of this page). See also crew list for Tres. He later perished with Chr. Knudsen

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
Page 1 | Page 2

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

Voyage Record
From Oct.-1940 to May-1941:

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1940 Oct. 5 Sydney, C.B. Clyde Oct. 21 SC 7 A. Hague says:
Previously traded E Coast of N America.
Earlier voyages, Page 1
Oct. 24 Clyde Sharpness Oct. 29 Independent
Nov. 15 Sharpness Barry Nov. 15 Independent A. Hague says:
Hit jetty
Dec. 15 Barry Port Talbot Dec. 15 Independent
Dec. 20 Port Talbot Milford Haven Dec. 21 Independent
Dec. 21 Milford Haven Clyde Dec. 23 Independent
Dec. 24 Clyde Halifax Jan. 9-1941 Independent See also narrative below
1941 Febr. 18 Halifax St. John's, N.F. March 2 SC 23 Put back
(see also narrative)
March 22 St. John's, N.F. Halifax March 26 Independent
March 30 Halifax Loch Ewe Apr. 17 SC 27
Apr. 19 Loch Ewe Methil Apr. 21 WN 116 Convoy available at WN 116
(external link - incomplete listing)
Apr. 22 Methil Hull Apr. 24 FS 470 Convoy available at FS 470
(external link - incomplete listing)
Left Hull, May 2
(Page 1).
May 4 Spurn Oban May 8 EC 15 Convoy available at EC 15
(external link - incomplete listing)
May 12 Oban OB 321 For Curacao
(Page 2).
Convoy available at OB 321
(external link)
Sunk - See "Final Fate" below.

 Some Convoy Voyages: 
For information on voyages made in between those mentioned here, please see the documents received from the Norwegian archives and A. Hague's Voyage Record above. Follow the convoy links provided for more details; several Norwegian ships took part.

It'll be noticed, when going to Page 1 of the archive documents, that Karlander appears to have spent a long time in Baltimore in 1940. She had arrived there from Louisburg on July 20 and departure is given as Sept. 11, when she proceeded to Pictou, N.S., later continuing to Sydney, C.B. in order to join the slow Convoy SC 7 to the U.K. on Oct. 5, in which the Norwegian Snefjeld and several others were sunk; follow the links for more details. The escort's report is also available for this convoy. Karlander was bound for Sharpness with lumber, and arrived there on Oct. 29. It also looks like she spent quite a while at Barry later on, having arrived there from Sharpness on Nov. 15, leaving again on Dec. 15. According to A. Hague's record above, she had hit the jetty, and perhaps she had been damaged enough that repairs were required?

According to the external website that I've linked to below, she was scheduled for Convoy OB 263, which originated in Liverpool on Dec. 23, but she did not sail (her destination was Halifax). When going back to the archive document, we learn that she arrived Halifax on Jan. 9-1941(remaining there for several weeks) - A. Hague says she had made this voyage independently.

With pit props for Hull, she was scheduled for Convoy SC 22 on Febr. 8-1941, but did not sail. She did not leave Halifax again until Febr. 18, joining Convoy SC 23, but put back to St. John's, N.F. on March 1 (reason not given). From St. John's, she returned to Halifax (Page 1) and on March 30, we find her in station 32 of Convoy SC 27. See also this report (the Norwegian Favorit was sunk - again, follow the links for more info). Karlander arrived her destination, via Loch Ewe and Methil Roads, on Apr. 24.

Related external link:
OB (& OA) convoys - OB 263 is included

 Final Fate - 1941: 

As mentioned, Karlander had arrived Hull from Halifax on Apr. 24-1941. She later left Hull Roads in ballast in a convoy on May 4 (EC 15 - see link within Voyage Record; Hallfried and Thalatta are also named, incomplete listing) with a crew of 24 and 2 British soldiers on board. She was bound for Curacao via Oban, arriving the latter on May 8 (see Page 2), where the British soldiers were replaced by 2 new ones (I'm not entirely sure whether they were gunners or just passengers, but she did have 2 Lewis guns and 2 Hutt guns which were fired by the British soldiers during the attack on the 14th, so they may have been her gunners). Departure Oban took place on May 12, Convoy OB 321 (again, see external link in the table above). This convoy had originated in Liverpool on May 11 and was later dispersed (May 17). Hallfried is again included, as are Ledaal and Sildra.

On May 14, when in 55 36N 13 24W*, an aircraft was seen coming towards the convoy from the port side, flying very low, and as it was about 100 meters from Karlander it started to drop bombs, 1 of which fell close by on her port side, causing a heavy leak in the engine room. Within 20 minutes the water had risen, and she was listing heavily to port, so the captain ordered the crew to the lifeboats. They were picked up shortly thereafter by the rescue vessel Zaafaran (the rescue ship had also been attacked and bombed, but avoided damage). 3 hours later the corvette HMS Campanula announced that she had shelled and sunk Karlander at 10:20 am GMT.

The survivors were landed in Gourock on May 20 and travelled to Glasgow that same day. Hearings were held there on May 27-1941 with the captain, the 1st mate, the 1st and 2nd engineers and Able Seaman Salvesen (helmsman at the time of attack) appearing.

* The above position is from the captain's report, presented at the subsequent hearings. "The World's Merchant Fleets 1939" by R. W. Jordan says she was attacked in 55 38N 13 38W, sunk in 55 36N 13 24W. (2 Focke Wulf aircraft had attacked the convoy).

Crew List - No Casualties:
The 2nd mate also served on Knoll, James Hawson, Suderøy, Norsktank and Ora.

Gerhard Reichelt
1st Mate
Michael Andersen
2nd Mate
Arthur Johansen
Radio Operator
Andrets Armanis
Mons Olsen
Able Seaman
Ingvald Andersen
Able Seaman
Theodor Marius Salvesen
Ordinary Seaman
John Morris
Ordinary Seaman
Jens Åramnes
Ordinary Seaman
Vidar Johansen
Ordinary Seaman
Simon Barwick
1st Engineer
Thomas Hartwig Johansen
2nd Engineer
Jacob Arthur Isaksen
3rd Engineer
Reidar Mikkelsen
Petris Owzals
Gustav Pettersen
Henry Bertelsen
Anders Vestland
Karl Olman
Lusien Våst
Harry Hart
Petter Pettersen
Johan Johansen
Mess Boy
Louis Morris
+ 2 British gunners?

Related external link:
Bombers & Ground Attack
- info on the various types of German bombers (from the website Luftwaffe Resource Center)

Back to Karlander on the "Ships starting with K" page.

The text on this page was compiled with the help of: "Nortraships flåte", J. R. Hegland, "The Allied Convoy System", Arnold Hague, "Sjøforklaringer fra 2. verdenskrig", Volume I (Norwegian Maritime Museum), and misc. as named in the text - (ref. My sources).


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