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D/S Fingal
Updated June 14-2009

To Fingal on the "Ships starting with F" page.

Crew List

The Australian War Memorial has a picture of this ship (external links). Caption is: "C. 1942. Aerial starboard bow view of the Norwegian cargo steamer Fingal which was torpedoed and sunk by a Japanese submarine, probably I-180, off Nambucca Heads on a voyage from Sydney to Darwin on 1943-05-05. The Fingal was a defensively equipped merchant ship (DEMS) whose guns were manned by two royal Australian navy DEMS gunners, Geoff Miller and S.C. Payne. Payne was amongst the twenty seven lost with the ship. Note the 12 pounder gun mounted aft". The number of casualties given here is 27 as opposed to the correct 12.

Owner: D/S A/S International
Manager: A. F. Klaveness & Co. A/S, Oslo
2137 gt, 3450? tdwt.
Call Sign: LCJM.

Built at Moss Verft, Norway in 1923.

Captain: Jan Richardsen.

In Admiralty service.

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
Page 1 | Page 2 | Page 3

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

Voyage Record
From Jan.-1941 to May-1943:

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.

Errors may exist, and several voyages are missing.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1941 Jan. 5 Calcutta Aden Jan. 20 Independent A. Hague says:
Previously traded in Pacific.
Earlier voyages, Page 1
Febr. 3 Aden Colombo Febr. 14 Independent
Febr. 15 Colombo Calcutta Febr. 21 Independent
Febr. 27 Calcutta Colombo March 5 Independent
* March 9 Calcutta Colombo March 16 Independent
*This voyage is in the wrong place; it belongs under 1942 and has been inserted there (see also Page 1).
March 12 Colombo Aden March 22 Independent
March 24 Aden Suez March 31 BN 21 Convoy available at BN 21
(external link)
Apr. 18 Suez Aden Apr. 26 Independent
Apr. 27 Aden Colombo May 7 Independent
May 11 Colombo Bombay May 16 Independent
May 20 Bombay Calcutta June 9 Independent
June 20 Calcutta Colombo June 29 Independent
July 2* Colombo Madras July 9 Independent *Page 1 gives departure July 5
July 11 Madras Singapore July 18 Independent
July 19 Singapore Hong Kong July 27 Independent
Aug. 7 Hong Kong Singapore Aug. 15 Independent
Aug. 17 Singapore Colombo Aug. 27 Independent
Aug. 29 Colombo Bombay Sept. 3 Independent
Sept. 12 Bombay Karachi Sept. 15 Independent
Sept. 17 Karachi Basra Sept. 26 Independent
Sept. 30 Basra Karachi Oct. 5 Independent Left Karachi Oct. 8
(Page 2)
Oct. 14 Verawal Colombo Oct. 18 Independent
Oct. 21 Colombo Calcutta Oct. 27 Independent
Nov. 1 Calcutta Rangoon Nov. 5 Independent
Nov. 15* Rangoon Bombay Nov. 25 Independent *Page 2 gives departure Nov. 13
Dec. 3 Bombay Cochin Dec. 10 Independent
Dec. 11 Cochin Rangoon Dec. 21 Independent
Dec. 28 Rangoon Calcutta Dec. 31 Independent
1942 March 9 Calcutta Colombo March 16 Independent
The above voyage has been taken from 1941 entries above - see also Page 2
March 25 Colombo Tuticorin March 26 Independent
March 29 Tuticorin Colombo March 30 Independent
March 31 Colombo Tuticorin Apr. 1 Independent
Apr. 6 Tuticorin Colombo Apr. 7 Independent
May 2 Colombo Bombay May 7 Independent
May 31 Bombay Colombo June 5 BM 19 Convoy available at BM 19
(external link)
July 23 Colombo Fremantle Aug. 10 Independent
Aug. 15 Fremantle Melbourne Aug. 24 Independent
Aug. 26 Melbourne Sydney, N.S.W. Aug. 29 OC 21 Convoy available at OC convoys
(external link)
Sept. 17 Sydney, N.S.W. Melbourne Sept. 20 CO 28 Convoy available at CO convoys
(external link)
Sept. 26 Melbourne Sydney, N.S.W. Sept. 29 OC 30 Convoy available at OC convoys
(external link)
Oct. 1 Sydney, N.S.W. Newcastle, N.S.W. Oct. 2 Independent
Oct. 4 Newcastle, N.S.W. Melbourne Oct. 8 CO 33 Convoy available at CO convoys
(external link)
Oct. 9 Melbourne Devonport, Tas. Oct. 10 Independent
Oct. 13 Devonport, Tas. Melbourne Oct. 14 Independent
Oct. 14 Melbourne Sydney, N.S.W. Oct. 17 OC 35 Convoy available at OC convoys
(external link)
Oct. 25 Sydney, N.S.W. Brisbane Oct. 28 Notional sailing date.
Nov. 2 Brisbane Townsville Nov. 6 Independent
Nov. 9 Townsville Cairns Nov. 10 Independent
Nov. 15 Cairns Brisbane Nov. 21 Independent Notional sailing date
Nov. 21 Brisbane Newcastle, N.S.W. Nov. 23 Independent
Nov. 24 Newcastle, N.S.W. Melbourne Nov. 29 CO 48 Convoy available at CO convoys
(external link)
Dec. 7 Melbourne Sydney, N.S.W. Dec. 10 OC 51 Convoy available at OC convoys
(external link)
Dec. 12 Sydney, N.S.W. Newcastle, N.S.W. Dec. 12 Independent
Dec. 15 Newcastle, N.S.W. Melbourne Dec. 19 CO 54 Convoy available at CO convoys
(external link)
Dec. 24 Melbourne Newcastle, N.S.W. Dec. 28 Independent
Dec. 29 Newcastle, N.S.W. Brisbane Jan. 1-1943
1943 Jan. 11 Brisbane Townsville Jan. 15 BT 33/1 Convoy available at BT 33
(external link)
Jan. 16 Townsville Darwin Febr. 9 Independent See also Page 3
Febr. 16 Darwin Passed Thursday Isl. Febr. 20 DT 12 Convoy available at DT 12
(external link)
Febr. 20 Passed Thursday Isl. Cairns Febr. 22 Independent
Febr. 23 Cairns Townsville Febr. 25 Independent
March 1 Townsville Brisbane Independent Via Bowen (see Page 3)
March 6 Caloundra* Newcastle, N.S.W. March 8 PG 37 *Brisbane
Convoy available at PG 37
(external link)
March 10 Newcastle, N.S.W. Melbourne March 13 CO 78 Convoy available at CO convoys
(external link)
Apr. 2 Melbourne Newcastle, N.S.W. Apr. 6 OC 84 Convoy available at OC convoys
(external link)
Apr. 7 Newcastle, N.S.W. Brisbane Apr. 10 GP 43/1 Convoy available at GP 43
(external link)
Apr. 16 Caloundra* Sydney, N.S.W. Apr. 18 PG 45 *Brisbane
Convoy available at PG 45
(external link)
Apr. 23 Sydney, N.S.W. Newcastle, N.S.W. Apr. 24 Independent
Apr. 28 Newcastle, N.S.W. Sydney, N.S.W. Apr. 29 Independent
May 3 Sydney, N.S.W. Independent Sunk - See "Final Fate" below


As can be seen when going to Page 1 of the archive documents, Fingal was on her way from Hong Kong to Sandakan when war broke out in Norway on Apr. 9-1940. Her 1941 voyages also start on this document and continue on Page 2.

She experienced the Japanese bombing raids on the harbour of Rangoon on Christmas Eve 1941, as well as those on Colombo harbour on April 5-1942 (see D/S Soli), and survived both, though with some damage. (According to her Voyage Record and Page 2, she was at Tuticorin on Apr. 5-1942 and did not arrive Colombo until Apr. 7, remaining there until May 2).

 Final Fate - 1943: 

However, she was not quite as lucky on May 5-1943 when on a voyage from Sydney (May 3) to Port Darwin with general cargo and ammunition, escorted by USS Patterson. Several aircraft were also circling above. She was hit on the port side aft, near Hatch No. 4 by a torpedo from the Japanese submarine I-180 (Kusaka), position 30 35S 153 29E (off Coff's Harbour, N.S.W., according to Hocking, about 30 n. miles northeast of Smokey Cape according to "Sjøforklaringer fra 2. verdenskrig"). Page 3 of the archive docs gives the time as 13:36.

On the bridge was 2nd Mate Høegh, the Danish Able Seaman Bolding was at the wheel, and Able Seaman Holm was on lookout duty. The explosion blew up Hatch No. 4 and she immediately started to sink. The 2nd mate opened the case where the lifebelts were kept and threw them down to the boatdeck before running down from the bridge. He met the captain and the 1st mate who were on their way to the aft port lifeboat, carrying the ship's papers. Fingal was listing to port at this time, and while working to launch the lifeboat a 2nd torpedo hit in the engine room, port side. The entire boatdeck was destroyed, the funnel and after mast came crashing down. The carpenter and boatswain were probably killed at that time, having been aft when the explosion occurred. Several men were blown overboard, those who could jumped into the sea as Fingal went down in less than a minute.

The survivors didn't have much to hold on to at first, but after a while a lot of debris as well as the rafts (partly destroyed) came floating up. The destroyer was about 3/4 of a mile off and immediately started to drop depth charges. The 19 survivors were picked up 2 hours later by USS Patterson, which searched for the missing men for 10 hours to no avail, before heading for Newcastle where the 7 wounded were sent to a hospital on May 6, while the others were sent to Sydney. 12 had died, including the captain. They are commemorated at the Australian War Memorial, link below.

An Australian visitor to my website, Charles R. Taylor tells me that Fingal was under charter to the Australian Government at the time of loss. He has also sent me the names of those who survived and those who lost their lives (such input is very much appreciated! Thank you!!), they've been added below. He in turn obtained the list from one of the survivors, Bernie O'Brien who now lives at Long Jetty, New South Wales. Mr. O'Brien has since been in contact with 4 of the survivors in recent years, namely Bird, Miller, Johansen and Frederick. I have his phone number if anyone would like to get in touch with him, just contact me via the address at the bottom of this page and I'll send it on. According to him, USS Patterson had been ordered away from the location of sinking by Naval Officer In Charge, Brisbane but fortunately the navigator of an RAAF plane sighted the survivors in the water and Patterson was recalled to the rescue.

Crew List:
Original sources are:
Log of USS Patterson (which rescued the survivors) - copy sent to Bernie O'Brien. Log signed by E.L Cox. Lt. USNR. A copy also received from National Archives at College Park, 8601 Adelphi Road, College Park, Maryland USA 20740-6001. Letter signed by Gibson Bell Smith, Modern Military Records, Textual Archives Services Division NWCTM-98-04298.

The list has since been compared with what can be found in "Sjøforklaringer fra 2. verdenskrig", Volume I (Norwegian Maritime Museum) and adjusted accordingly.

2nd Mate
Per Høeg
3rd Mate
Alfred Nergård
Able Seaman
Olaf Holm
Able Seaman
Frank Aksdal
Able Seaman
Sven Bolding
(30 - Danish)
Ordinary Seaman
Olaf K. Olsen
Ordinary Seaman
Olaf (John?) Edwardsen
John Raymond Bird
(Australian, age 15)
Reidar (Vidar?) Røstad
Thorvald Bjelland
Finn Erstad
Jeffrey Frederick
Odd Fonn
Stoker (Trimmer?)
Bjørn Gabrielsen
Johan Johansen
Andreas Johansen
Bernard O'Brien
(Australian, 17)
Norman Glasscock
(Australian, 16)
DEMS gunner RAN
Geoffrey Frederick Miller

Jan K. Richardsen

1st Mate/Radio Operator
Sigurd Strind

Jens Knutsen

Anker Ørebekk

Ordinary Seaman
Sven Johanson

1st Engineer
Johan Larsen

2nd Engineer
Knut Svendsen

3rd Engineer
Harry Olsen

Trygve Strand Kristiansen

Sigvald Klevedal

Ralph Alexander

Sidney Charles Payne*

Fingal's casualties are commemorated on the Australian War Memorial, and can be found in the Commemorative Roll Database that I've linked to below.

Related external links:
Stavern Memorial commemorations - 9 Norwegians are commemorated here. T. S. Kristiansen is listed as 4th Engineer on this website.

Commemorative Roll Database - (Australian War Memorial). By using the last name as keyword and Second World War as Conflict, each casualty from Fingal will appear. Or, typing "Fingal" in the slot for "Unit name" (again using Second World War as conflict) will bring them all up; Gunner Sidney Payne, however, is not mentioned here for some reason. *He can be found at the Commonwealth War Graves Comm. website, as can trimmer Ralph Hendersen. The former is commemorated at Plymouth Naval Memorial, Panel 84, the latter at Tower Hill Memorial, Panel 49.

Japanese submarines
Ships attacked off the Australian coastline (by Japanese submarines), a section of the website Australia@war.

Back to Fingal on the "Ships starting with F" page.

I've found a much earlier ship by the name Fingal in the book "Damp - Dampskipets æra i Vestfold", built in Leith 1863, 958 gt, lengthened 1873, W. Tully & Co., Hull until 1888 when F. Hagerup & Co., Grimsby took over, then Fingal A/S, Hilmar Lehmann 1889-1891, A/S Fingal, Kristiania 1891-1892, A/S Fingal, Hans Fredriksen, Sandefjord 1892-1894. In 1895 she belonged to Sølversborg Skeppsvarv. Aground on June 2-1894 near Snipan, Norra Quarken, taken in to Holmsund June 19. Sold at auction in Stockholm July 28-1894, repaired the following year.

The text on this page was compiled with the help of: "Nortraships flåte", J. R. Hegland, "Sjøforklaringer fra 2. verdenskrig", Volume I (Norwegian Maritime Museum) and misc. other as mentioned in the above text - ref My sources.


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