Site Map | Search |Merchant Fleet Main Page | Home 

M/S Fernwood
Updated Aug. 13-2011

To Fernwood on the "Ships starting with F" page.

Lillesand Sjømannsforening's website has a picture - external links, click in the photo to make it larger).

Manager: Fearnley & Eger, Oslo
4695 gt

Built by A/S Nakskov Skibsvaerft, Nakskov, Denmark in 1930.

Captain: William Thoresen.

1st mate on this ship from the spring of 1942 until the end of the war was Gunnar Album, see the text for B. P. Newton on my page about the Kvarstad Ships & Men (here's a crew list).

In service mostly U.S.A.-The Far East up until the fall of 1941, then U.K.-U.S.A.

Related items on this website:
On my page Warsailor Stories I've included the personal story of someone who was on board Fernwood at some point in the war - the first story on that page (there's also a link to the original, Norwegian version). While there are no details on this ship, it's an interesting story about 5 brothers and a sister who served outside of Norway during the war; the brothers on 17 different ships altogether. Another sister was involved in "illegal" activities in Norway, as was the father.
The same page also holds another story from someone else who was on board Fernwood (Torleiv Sandseth).

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
Page 1 | Page 2 | Page 3 | Page 4 | Page 5

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

Voyage Record
From March-1940 to Aug.-1945:

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.

Errors may exist, and several voyages are missing.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1940 March 17 Gibraltar Dublin March 24 HG 23F
Apr. 1 Dublin Milford Haven Independent
Apr. 4 Milford Haven OB 123 Convoy available at OB 123
(external link)
Formed OG 25F, Apr. 6
Apr. 6 Formed at sea OG 25F A. Hague says:
For Baltimore.
Detached Apr. 8.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in OG convoys
Apr. 8 Detached from OG 25F Bermuda Apr. 18 Independent Left Bermuda Apr. 26
(Page 1)
May 10 New York City Galveston May 18 Independent
May 20 Corpus Christi Cristobal May 26 Independent A. Hague says:
Then traded Pacific to Oct. 15-1940
(compare w/Page 1 above)
Oct. 20 Cristobal Baltimore Oct. 27 Independent
Oct. 29 Baltimore Philadelphia* Oct. 31 Independent *Page 1 gives arrival Manila
(but probably error)
Nov. 7 Philadelphia New York City Nov. 7 Independent
Dec. 5 New York City Baltimore Dec. 7 Independent
Dec. 11 Baltimore Texas City Dec. 18 Independent
Dec. 21 Texas City Cristobal Dec. 27 Independent A. Hague says:
Then traded Pacific to Apr. 6-1941
(See also Page 1)
1941 Apr. 7 Cristobal Baltimore Apr. 14 Independent
Apr. 22 Baltimore Philadelphia Apr. 23 Independent
Apr. 24 Philadelphia New York City Apr. 25 Independent
Apr. 30 New York City Hampton Roads May 1 Independent
May 2 Hampton Roads New Orleans May 8 Independent
May 12 New Orleans Cristobal May 18 Independent A. Hague says:
Then traded Pacific to Sept. 5-1941
(See Page 1 & Page 2)
Sept. 6 Cristobal New York City Sept. 13 Independent
Sept. 18 New York City Philadelphia Sept. 19 Independent
Oct. 30 Philadelphia New York City Oct. 31 Independent
Nov. 10 New York City Halifax Nov. 12 Independent
Nov. 21 Halifax Liverpool Dec. 7 HX 161
Dec. 24 Liverpool ON 50 For Halifax.
Dispersed Jan. 3-1942.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
1942 Jan. 3 Dispersed from ON 50 Halifax Jan. 5 Independent
Jan. 12 Halifax Halifax Jan. 13 Independent Put back
Jan. 15 Halifax New York City Jan. 18 Independent
Jan. 29 New York City Halifax Febr. 2 Independent
Febr. 7 Halifax HX 174 Straggled Febr. 16
Febr. 16 Straggled from HX 174 Liverpool Febr. 22 Independent Missing voyages, Page 2
May 15 Liverpool Cape Cod Canal May 29 ON 95 A. Hague says:
For Vancouver.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
May 29 Cape Cod Canal New York City May 30 Independent
June 1 New York City Hampton Roads Independent
June 7 Hampton Roads Key West June 12 KS 508 Convoy available at KS 508
(external link)
This stop at Key West not mentioned, Page 2
June 12 Key West Cristobal June 19 Independent A. Hague says:
Traded Pacific to Sept. 4-1942
(see Page 2)
Sept. 7 Cristobal Gitmo Sept. 11 ZG 2 Convoy available at ZG 2
(external link)
Sept. 12 Gitmo New York City Sept. 20 GN 3 Convoy available at GN 3
(external link)
Sept. 24 New York City Liverpool Oct. 11 HX 209 Missing voyages, Page 2 & Page 3
Oct. 24 Liverpool New York City Nov. 10 ON 141 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Nov. 27 New York City Liverpool Dec. 14 HX 217
Dec. 27 Liverpool New York City Jan. 15-1943 ON 157
1943 Jan. 30 New York City Belfast Lough Febr. 13 HX 225
Febr. 14 Belfast Lough Cardiff Febr. 15 BB 263 Convoy available at BB 263
(external link)
Febr. 28 Cardiff Milford Haven March 1 Independent
March 2 Milford Haven New York City March 20 ON 170 Via Belfast Lough
(Page 3).
Apr. 6 New York City Liverpool Apr. 21 HX 233
May 6 Liverpool Halifax May 19 ON 182 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
May 20 Halifax Cape Cod Canal May 22 XB 53A Convoy available at XB 53A
(external link)
Arrived New York City May 23
(Page 3).
June 15 New York City Liverpool July 1 HX 244
July 16 Liverpool Baltimore July 31 ON 193 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Sept. 6 Baltimore New York City Sept. 8 Independent
Sept. 9 New York City Liverpool Sept. 23 HX 256
Oct. 5 Liverpool New York City Oct. 23 ON 205 Convoy will be added.
See link above
Nov. 13 New York City Liverpool Nov. 27 HX 266 Convoy will be added.
See ships in HX convoys
Dec. 16 Liverpool New York City Jan. 3-1944 ON 216 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
1944 Febr. 5 New York City Milford Haven Febr. 20 HX 278
Febr. 21 Milford Haven Southampton Febr. 23 WP SP 21 Convoy available at WP SP 21
(external link)
Left Southampton March 10/11
(Page 3).
March 12 Cowes Roads PW 490 Detached March 14.
Convoy available at PW 490
(external link - incomplete listing)
March 14 Detached from PW 490 Belfast Lough March 15* Independent *Page 4 gives arrival March 13.
March 16 Belfast Lough Baltimore Apr. 1 ON 228 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Apr. 23 Baltimore New York City Apr. 24 Independent
Apr. 27 New York City Liverpool May 14 HX 289
May 26 Liverpool Philadelphia June 10 ON 238 Convoy will be added.
See link above
June 23 Philadelphia New York City June 23 Independent
June 24 New York City Liverpool July 11 HX 297
July 25 Liverpool Philadelphia Aug. 10 ON 246 Convoy will be added.
See link above
Aug. 23 Philadelphia New York City Aug. 23 Independent
Aug. 25 New York City Liverpool Sept. 9 HX 305
Sept. 22 Liverpool New York City Oct. 9 ON 255 Convoy will be added.
See link above
Oct. 30 New York City Liverpool Nov. 13 HX 317
Nov. 29 Liverpool New York City Dec. 15 ON 269 Convoy will be added.
See link above
Dec. 21 New York City Baltimore Dec. 22 Independent
1945 Jan. 9 Baltimore New York City Independent
Jan. 13 New York City Liverpool Jan. 28 HX 332 See also narrative below
Febr. 11 Liverpool New York City March 1 ON 284 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
March 14 New York City Cardiff March 28 HX 344 Convoy will be added.
See ships in HX convoys
Apr. 17 Cardiff ON 297 Detached Apr. 28.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Apr. 28 Detached from ON 297 Quebec May 2 Independent See also Page 4
May 15 Quebec Montreal May 16 Independent
May 27 Montreal Sydney, C.B. May 29 Independent
May 30 Sydney, C.B. London June 10?* Independent See Page 4 & Page 5
July 17 London New York City July 31 Independent
Aug. 9 New York City Oslo, Norway Aug. 24 Independent Via Kirkwall.
Subsequent voyages, Page 5 above

 Some Convoy Voyages: 
For information on voyages made in between those mentioned here, please see the documents received from the National Archives of Norway and A. Hague's Voyage Record above. Follow the convoy links provided for more details; the Commodore's notes have also been included for most of them and several Norwegian ships took part.

With a cargo of wheat for Dublin, Fernwood is listed as sailing in station 23 of Convoy HGF 23 from Gibraltar on March 17-1940. According to A. Hague, she arrived Dublin on March 24 (the Norwegian Svein Jarl also took part). The following month, we find her in Convoy OB 123, which originated in Liverpool on Apr. 4 and joined up with Convoy OA 123 on Apr. 6, the combined convoy forming the Gibraltar bound Convoy OG 25F, which arrived there on Apr. 12. Fernwood, however, had detached from this convoy on Apr. 8, and arrived Bermuda on the 18th, proceeding to New York about a week later, according to Page 1. In other words, she was at sea when war broke out in Norway on Apr. 9.

The external website that I've linked to at the end of this page has also included Fernwood in Convoy OA 168GF, which left Southend on June 15-1940, joined up with OB 168GF from Liverpool 2 days later to form Convoy OG 34F, arriving Gibraltar on June 24. Fernwood's destination is only given as Portsmouth on that occasion, but as will be seen when going back to the archive document referred to above, this does not at all fit in with her voyages at this time; she was en route from Balboa to Auckland on the date this convoy sailed, so the listing is probably an error (unless it was the British Fernwood?). The OG convoys mentioned here will also be added to my own site; in the meantime, the ships sailing in them are named on the page listing ships in all OG convoys.

Fernwood's subsequent 1940 voyages are shown on Page 1, which also has some of her 1941 voyages. These continue on Page 2.

Skipping now to Nov. 21-1941, when she's listed Convoy HX 161 from Halifax. She arrived Liverpool Dec. 7, heading back to Halifax later that month in the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 50*, which left Liverpool on Christmas Eve and dispersed Jan. 3-1942, Fernwood arriving Halifax on Jan. 5. Charles Racine, Fagerfjell, Fjordheim (returned), Høegh Giant, Innerøy, Sama, Skandinavia, Strinda and Taborfjell are also listed in this convoy.

On Febr. 7-1942, she joined Convoy HX 174 from Halifax, together with the Norwegian James Hawson (returned), Athos, Høegh Giant, Vanja, Thorsholm, Beth and Anderson (ran aground, follow link for details), as well as the Panamanian Norvinn (returned). Acanthus and Rose are named among the escorts. Fernwood arrived Liverpool on Febr. 22, later proceeding to Manchester, where she stayed for 2 months, according to Page 2. That spring, she made a voyage to New York, where she arrived on May 30, having sailed from Liverpool on May 15 in Convoy ON 95*, together with Abraham Lincoln, Daghild, Hardanger, Helgøy, Morgenen, N.T. Nielsen Alonso, Norbryn, Solstad, Stigstad and Trondheim. Her next Trans-Atlantic voyage was made in Convoy HX 209 from New York in Sept.-1942, for which Skiensfjord served as Commodore Vessel. Fernwood's destination is given as Manchester, where she arrived Oct. 13.

With Albert L. Ellsworth, Anna Odland, Aun, Fagerfjell, Fernmoor, Gallia, Herbrand, Jenny (returned), Pan Aruba, Reinholt, Salamis, Samuel Bakke (Commodore Vessel), Skiensfjord, Trondheim and Ørnefjell, she now headed back across the ocean with Convoy ON 141* on Oct. 24, arriving New York Nov. 10. Her voyages in this period are shown on Page 3. Later that month, she joined Convoy HX 217 from New York, general cargo for Glasgow. This convoy was attacked and 2 ships were sunk - the Commodore's narrative is also available. Eglantine, Potentilla and Rose were among the escorts. Other Norwegian ships taking part were Skiensfjord, Stiklestad, Polartank, Norsol and Noreg. All of them, except Norsol, later returned to the U.S. with Convoy ON 157 the following month, Skiensfjord serving as Commodore Vessel again. The convoy arrived New York on Jan. 15.-1943, having left Liverpool on Dec. 27.

Fernwood headed back to the U.K. again on Jan. 30-1943 with Convoy HX 225 from New York, bound for Cardiff with general and explosives, station 84, arriving her destination on Febr. 15. She returned to the U.S. in March with Convoy ON 170, then on Apr. 6, she joined Convoy HX 233, again with a general cargo and explosives, as well as 4 aircraft. In May we find her, with Dageid, Gallia, Germa, Hiram, Ivaran, Oregon Express, Skiensfjord, Thorshov, Thorshøvdi and Villanger, in the westbound Convoy ON 182*, which departed Liverpool on May 6 and arrived New York May 22; Fernwood stopped at Halifax on the 19th, continuing the next day to Cape Cod Canal and New York, with arrival May 23 (Page 3), later joining Convoy HX 244 on June 15, general cargo for Liverpool, station 22 (Vice Commodore in Samuel Bakke). In July, she joined the westbound Convoy ON 193*, which originated in Liverpool on July 16 and arrived New York July 31; Fernwood arrived Baltimore that day. As usual, several Norwegian ships had taken part, namely Bralanta, Chr. Th. Boe, Fagerfjell, Geisha, Harpefjell, Herbrand, Hiram, Idefjord, Maud, Meline, Norlom, O. B. Sørensen, Para, Samuel Bakke, Sandviken, Santos, Skaraas, Skjelbred, Stiklestad, Thorhild, Thorshov and Tungsha, as well as the Panamanian Norlys (Norwegian managers).

It looks like Fernwood spent over a month in Baltimore, before proceeding to New York on Sept. 6, joining Convoy HX 256 from there on Sept. 9, bound for Liverpool and carrying a general cargo and explosives (Commodore in Topdalsfjord, Vice Commodore in Brimanger). With Abraham Lincoln (Vice Commodore), Ferncourt, Kaldfonn, Orwell, Skotaas and Spinanger, she subsequently joined the westbound Convoy ON 205*, departing Liverpool on Oct. 5, arriving New York Oct. 23, then returned with Convoy HX 266*, which left New York on Nov. 13 and arrived Liverpool on the 27th and also included Brimanger (Commodore Vessel), Idefjord (from Halifax), Morgenen, Mosli and Thorhild. Her last convoy voyage that year was made with the westbound Convoy ON 216*, departing Liverpool on Dec. 16, arriving New York Jan. 3-1944. Fagerfjell (returned), Ferncourt, Molda and Skiensfjord are also listed.

On Febr. 5-1944, we find her in Convoy HX 278, destination Milford Haven and Southampton, general cargo. She arrived Milford on Febr. 20, Southampton on the 23rd. The following month, she appears among the ships in the westbound Convoy ON 228*, originating in Liverpool on March 15, arriving New York Apr. 1; Fernwood arrived Baltimore that day, having sailed from Belfast Lough on March 16. Buenos Aires, Emma Bakke, Herbrand, Laurits Swenson (Commodore Vessel), Solfonn, Somerville and Sørvard are also named. On Apr. 27, she's listed in Convoy HX 289 from New York; according to the original Advance Sailing Telegram for this convoy, this was the British Fernwood, but when going to Page 4 of the archive documents, we see that the information fits with the Norwegian ship's voyages at this time. She arrived Liverpool on May 14, and a couple of weeks later she joined the westbound Convoy ON 238*, in order to sail to Philadelphia, where she arrived June 10 (convoy departed Liverpool May 26, arrived New York June 9). Bralanta (Commodore Vessel), Jotunfjell, Morgenen, Skotaas and Thorsholm are also listed.

On June 24, she can be found in Convoy HX 297 from New York (Commodore in Brimanger), bound for Liverpool with general cargo, then in July, she's listed in the westbound Convoy ON 246*, which left Liverpool on July 25 and arrived New York Aug. 9 and also included Abraham Lincoln, Alaska, Atlantic, Brimanger (Commodore Vessel), Dageid, Dalfonn, Danio, Ivaran, James Hawson, Kaldfonn, Leiv Eiriksson, Petter, Skotaas, Strinda, Thorhild, Tiradentes, Toronto, Vardefjell, Velox and Ørnefjell; Fernwood was again bound for Philadelphia, arriving there Aug. 10. On Aug. 25, she joined Convoy HX 305, general cargo for Liverpool (Commodore in Abraham Lincoln), returning to New York with Convoy ON 255* (from Liverpool Sept. 22, to New York Oct. 9). Brimanger (Commodore Vessel) and Ivaran had again been in company, as had Herbrand, Solfonn, Solør and Stiklestad. Fernwood is now listed in Convoy HX 317, which arrived Liverpool on Nov. 13, having sailed from New York Oct. 30. Her last Trans-Atlantic voyage that year was made in Convoy ON 269*, departing Liverpool on Nov. 29, arriving New York Dec. 15. Other Norwegian ships were Heranger, Orwell, Polartank, Skaraas, Slemmestad, Sørvard and Thorhild.

With a general cargo for Liverpool, she was scheduled for the New York-U.K. Convoy HX 331 on Jan. 8-1945 (Commodore in Montevideo), but instead joined the next convoy on Jan. 13, HX 332 (in which Solør was torpedoed, follow the link for details). Abraham Lincoln again served as Commodore Vessel. The following month, Fernwood is listed, along with Abraham Lincoln (Commodore Vessel), Noreg, Norsol, Sverre Helmersen, Toronto, Troubadour and Velma, in Convoy ON 284* (from Liverpool Febr. 11, to New York March 1), and on March 14, she joined Convoy HX 344* back to the U.K. (A. Hague gives arrival Cardiff March 28). Anna Knudsen, Frontenac, Havkong and Topdalsfjord (Commodore Vessel) also took part. Fernwood subsequently headed to Quebec and Montreal, crossing the Atlantic in Convoy ON 297*, together with Abraham Lincoln, Brasil, Brimanger, Emma Bakke (Commodore Vessel), Geisha, Norsktank and Topdalsfjord. This convoy originated in Liverpool on Apr. 17 and arrived New York May 2; Fernwood arrived Quebec that day (having detached from the convoy on Apr. 28, according to A. Hague), proceeding to Montreal on the 15th, with arrival May 16 - again, see Page 4 (in other words, VE Day was celebrated while in Quebec).

As will be seen when going to Page 5 of the archive documents, she got to go home to Norway in Aug.-1945, and again in Oct.-1945.

* The ON convoys are available and will be added to individual pages in my Convoys section in due course, along with further details on each. In the meantime, the ships sailing in them (and escorts) are named in the section listing ships in all ON convoys. The entire HX series will also be updated and completed, including the already existing convoys (some have already been updated), but for now, please see ships in all HX convoys.

For more information on all the Norwegian ships mentioned on this page, please see the alphabet index below, or go to the Master Ship Index.

(Source: E-mail from Roger W. Jordan).

Sold in 1955 to I/S MS William (manager Pehrson & Wessel, Drammen), and renamed William. Sold in 1959 to Sigbjørn Birkeland Rederi, Bergen, and renamed Tine. Sold in 1963 to Compania Naviera Jezreel SA, Panama (Frederick Shipping Corp, Hong Kong, managers), and renamed Jezreel. On Sept. 16-1963 she went aground in Japan in 32 34N 130 06E shortly after leaving Misumi on a voyage to Pusan with a cargo of coal, steel and general. She later broke in two. The afterpart was cut free and refloated on Oct. 14, and on Oct. 21 she arrived Tanoura Moji in tow.

Related external link:
OB (& OA) convoys - OA 168GF is included, and Fernwood is listed, but as mentioned, it looks like this is an error (see also A. Hague's listing for OA 168GF).

Back to Fernwood on the "Ships starting with F" page.


 Site Map | Search |Merchant Fleet Main Page | Home