To Ships in Allied Service starting with T

Norwegian Homefleet - WW II 
Ships starting with Ta through Ti

= the ship was sunk (or otherwise lost)
D/S = steam ship D/T = steam tanker
D/F = steam ferry M/S = motor vessel
M/T = motor tanker    M/F = motor ferry
M/K = motor cutter T/T = turbine tanker


Name of Ship
Shipping Company
M/S Tai Ping *
Wilh. Wilhelmsen, Tønsberg
7019 gt
Built in Malmö, Sweden 1929.

Pre war history: Launched by Kockums Mekaniska Verkstads A/B, Malmö, Sweden (Yard No. 159) on March 16-1929, completed June 15. 7019 gt, 3868 net, 9860 tdwt, 461.9' x 60.6' x 28.9', two 8 cyl. 4 SCSA oil engines totalling 7300 ihp by the shipbuilders driving twin screws, service speed 14.5 knots, 21, 965 cu. ft. of refrigerated cargo space, 12 passengers.

WW II: According to Wilh. Wilhelmsen's fleet list this ship was seized in Oslo by the Germans on May 28-1940 and served as Sperrbrecher 14, a supply ship for raiders. Later bought by Unterweser Reederei A.G., Germany and renamed Bockenheim, 1942. Mined and sunk at Honningsvaag on Sept. 12-1942, but raised and repaired. Scuttled in the River Gironde off Bassens, near Bordeaux on Aug. 26-1944. However, Rohwer's "Allied Submarine Attacks" states in a note that "the claim that Sperrbrecher 14 was sunk is erroneous; this ship was the former Bockenheim and served 1940-44 in the Bay of Biscay". Also, Rohwer has the sequence of the names in a different order, and if I understand the information correctly he indicates it was Robert Bornhofen (Sperrbrecher II) that was mined and sunk on Sept 12; mines were laid by the Russian submarine K-1 (Avgustinovich) on Aug. 6.

I also came across some information on the Norway During WW II forum saying Tai Ping was renamed Bockenheim when seized in May-1940, then entered service as Sperrbrecher 14 for the 2nd Sperrbrecher flotilla in Wesermünde on Nov. 30-1940 - so here again the sequence of names is different from that found in the fleet list. The posting adds that following heavy mining in the Gironde Estuary on June 22-1942 she was out of service until Dec. 12-1942, then sunk as blockship on Aug. 25-1944, raised in 1947 and broken up.

This means that the following post war info, which was also found in Wilh. Wilhelmsen's Fleet List, might be incorrect:
Refloated, and on July 10-1946 she was at Bassens, where she stayed until Febr. 29-1948, when she left in tow for Pasajes where demolition was completed by Febr.-1949. (I have no way of confirming which source is correct).

(Tai Ping is Chinese for "great peace and/or happiness").

Wilh. Wilhelmsen later had another ship by this name, 1958-1979.

M/S Taiwan * later raised
Wilh. Wilhelmsen, Tønsberg
5502 gt
Built in Hamburg 1924.

See my page M/S Taiwan (incl. a picture).

M/S Tampa
Wilh. Wilhelmsen, Tønsberg
4694 gt
Built in Hamburg 1923.

Pre war history: Launched on July 14-1923 by Deutsche Werft A.G., Hamburg (Yard No. 46), completed Sept. 15. 4701 gt(? conflict), 2794 net, 7019 tdwt, 357.6' x 51.2' x 30.7', 6 cyl. 4 SCSA oil engine of 2500 ihp by Algemeine Electricitäts Gesellschaft, Berlin, Service speed 11 knots, 8 passengers.

WW II: Seized by the Germans.

My Guestbook has a message re. this ship (in Norwegian) saying she was bombed and damaged by allied aircraft on May 13-1942, when on her way to Kristiansund with coal. The message adds that she ran aground east of Høgstein Light near Ålesund, remaining there for several months.

Picture of M/S Tampa - Roger W. Jordan collection.
Another picture - Received from Kåre Aasebø, Norway (picture of a photo, taken by Johannes Sponland around 1925. The other ship is Tortugas).

POST WAR: Recovered at Horten, Norway in May-1945. Sold on March 15-1958 to Cia. Mar. "Med-Cont" Ltda., Costa Rica (Loucas Matsas & Sons, Greece, managers) and renamed Georgios M. Grounded in the Andaman Islands on June 22-1959 during bad weather, on a voyage from Rangoon to Colombo with a cargo of rice, but she refloated, though foundered on June 23-1959 while trying to return to Rangoon.

(Source: Wilh. Wilhelmsen fleet list by Michael Crowdy, World Ship Society, 1994).

Other ships by this name: Wilh. Wilhelmsen later had 4 more ships by this name. The 2nd one was the ex Cape Constantine, which was launched on Febr. 21-1943 in Beaumont, Texas for the United States War Shipping Administration, completed in June that year. Westfal-Larsen bought the ship after the war (1946) and renamed her Hindanger, but she was later purchased by Wilh. Wilhelmsen in Febr.-1961 and renamed Tampa. In June-1967 she was sold to the Philippines and renamed Manuel Quezon, then had 2 more name changes (President Quirino and Lucky Eight) before she was scrapped at Kaohsiung in Apr.-1975.

D/S Tanahorn * later raised
Finnmark Fylkesrederi, Hammerfest
336 (326?) gt
Built in Oslo 1910.

Pre war history: Delivered in 1910 as Tanahorn from Nylands Verksted, Kristiania (204) to Det Nordenfjeldske Dampskibsselskab, Trondheim, 326 gt, 177 net, 125 tdwt, 145'/135' (loa/lpp) x 21' 10" x 9' 6"/16' 3" (d/d1), triple exp. steam engine 370 ihp, 11 knots, 5300 cub. ft. cargo capacity (2 cargo holds). Placed in service to Tana. On Dec. 25-1915 she assisted Kong Harald which had run aground near Hornøyskjæret (the naval vessel Fridtjof and Erik Jarl also assisted). On Jan. 5-1916 she went to a yard and was replaced meanwhile by Skjerstad, then departed for Hammerfest on the 19th. On Jan. 26 that same year she was placed in service to west Finnmark from Hammerfest, and on March 18 she departed Hammerfest for Vardø in order to enter service to Tana. Transferred/sold on June 30-1916 to Finmarkens Amtsrederi, Hammerfest (same as Finnmarks Fylkesrederi, just said in a more old fashioned way, the company's name was changed in 1926) and taken over in Vardø, no name change. Rebuilt in 1928. Ran aground on Dec. 6-1936 near Finnkongkeila (west in Tanafjord), towed to Tromsø by the salvage vessel Jason.

WW II: Transported soldiers for neutrality duty along the border in the east of Norway in Oct.-1939. Ran aground in Febr.-1940 in Gulgofjord, on the east side of Tanafjord, refloated by Alta. Took part in the demobilization in June-1940. Collided with a vessel at anchor in Risfjord on Oct. 1-1940. Attacked by the Russian submarine SC 422, Malyshev off the breakwater at Berlevåg on Sept. 12-1941, but seems to have escaped unharmed (there's a claim that Ottar Jarl was torpedoed and sunk by the same submarine that day, though there's some disagreement on that - follow link for more details). From Jan.-1942 till Febr.-1944 Tanahorn was in regularly scheduled service Hammerfest-Kirkenes, while also in ordinary local service. Sprang a leak on Febr. 14-1944 after having been bombed by aircraft off the quay in Hammerfest and sank in shallow waters without having received direct hits (M/S Brynilen was also hit that day). Raised in March that same year and taken in tow to Tromsø, then in Oct. she was towed to Brevik for repairs.

POST WAR: Reentered service in Apr.-1947. Transported deceased Russian prisoners of war from South Varanger to Tjøtta in 1949. Laid up 1951, later towed to Drammen for installation of oil fuelled steam boiler. Renamed Jernøy in Dec.-1961. Sold in 1962 to Nils Meland A/S, Tromsø and laid up. Sold in 1963 to Christiania Spigerverk for breaking up.

(Main source: Nordenfjeldske D/S fleet list, Finn R. Hansen).

Other ships by this name: Tanahorn II was delivered to the company in Jan.- 1962, built in Harstad, 298 gt, 250 passengers, 12 cars plus cargo. Sold in Dec.-1983 to Paul Stark, Tromsø and renamed Polargirl. Sold in Sept.-1991 to Polargirl A/S Tromsø. Sold in Nov.-1998 to Redningsselskapet, Oslo, renamed Trainee. Sold in Febr.-2000 to Slepebåtene AS, Tromsø (Trond Wassbakk), in tourist and passenger trade from Tromsø 2001, renamed Polargirl. Tanahorn III was built at Hyen, delivered on May 31-1986, 131 gt, 49 passengers, 6 tons cargo. Sold on Jan. 5-2001 to Herlof Olsen, Hesby, renamed Klipperfjord, registered in Tønsberg. Info from Finnmark Fylkesrederi og Ruteselskap fleet list, Finn R. Hansen. (Norway had a whale catcher by this name in the late 1800's, built 1886 - wrecked near Vardø in 1891 with the loss of 29 lives).

M/S Tanja *
Skibs A/S Nye Tanja, Oslo
137 gt
Built in Kiel 1920. Previous names: Elisabeth Seumenicht, then Rob until 1937.

Taken over by the Germans. Lost at Kirkenes on Jan. 20-1943. According to a posting on my Ship Forum she stranded at Bøkfjord light in stormy weather. No cargo, no casualties.

M/S Taronga
Wilh. Wilhelmsen, Tønsberg
7003 gt
Built in Odense, Denmark 1934.

Se my page M/S Taronga.

M/K Tellevaag I
Øygardsbåtane LL, Bergen
84 gt
Built at Stord 1930.

Pre war history: Delivered in 1930 from Ottesen Skibsbyggeri, Sagvåg (Stord) as local passenger/cargo vessel Tellevaag I to Nils G. Midtvedt, Telavåg. Wooden hull, 74,1’ x 19,3’ x 9,6’, 84 gt., 2cyl 2tev Wichmann 120bhk, about 7 knots. In regularly scheduled service Bergen-Sotra-Telavåg with passengers, cargo and mail. Sold in May-1931 to A/S Hjelme & Herlø Dampskibsselskab, Bergen. Owning company changed its name in 1940 to Øygardsbåtane LL, Bergen.

WW II: Requisitioned by the Germans for use as transport Boritz, later returned to owner.

POST WAR: By July-1945 she had been repaired at Storemøllens Patentslip, Bergen, and on Sept. 28-1945 she was back in her pre-war service. Rebuilt and modernized in the spring of 1949, 109 gt, a 2cyl 2tev Union 220bhk was installed. During the winter/spring 1956/1957 she was hired out to Indre Nordhordland Dampbåtlag for use in the Bergen-Osterfjord route, then back in her original service in the summer of 1957. On Jan. 1-1960 the owning company fused into Øygarden & Sotra Rutelag LL, Bergen, same service. Sold to unknown buyer in 1965. Derigged at Os and sunk, year unknown.

Post war picture - After she was rebuilt. Received from Bjørn Milde, Norway (from his postcard collection).
Another picture - Received from Kjell Vikanes, Norway, who has a website about Sagvågen Kystlag (several pictures).

(From T. Eriksen, Norway - his sources: "Fjordabåten", Dag Bakka Jr. 1994 and "Bergenske Fjordabåter", Ingem. Fænn for Bergens Tidende 1974).

M/S Tellus
Det Bergenske Dampskibsselskab, Bergen
935 gt
Built in Brevik 1925. Previous name: Launched as Mars.

Pre war history: Delivered in Nov.-1925 from Trosvik Mek. Verksted, Brevik (13) as Tellus to Det Bergenske Dampskibsselskab, Bergen. Steel hull, 191.9’ x 30’ x 22.6’, 935 gt, 1095 tdwt, 4cyl 2tev Atlas dm 500bhp, 10 knots. When launched she was given the name Mars, but this was changed before delivery. Used in the company's cargo routes between the south and north of Norway and was still in this service as per the summer of 1939.

WW II: Jan-Olof, Sweden has told me that he has found an old newspaper clipping saying that Tellus rescued 25 men, including two Norwegian pilots, from the Greek steamer Garoufalia, off Folda on Dec. 11 1939. The survivors were taken to Namsos. The Greek ship had been sunk by U-38 that same day.

According to a message in a thread on my Ship Forum, Tellus was attacked by aircraft from HMS Furious on Sept. 7-1940, but not damaged, follow link for details (see Erling Skjold's response).

Due to the increasing shortage of fuel towards the end of the war Tellus was often inactive.

POST WAR: Back in her regular service in May-1945. Laid up in Bergen in 1955, then sold in Sept. that year to Sivert Bakke, Bergen, renamed Tella (possibly purchased with the intent to resell). Sold in Sept.-1956 to A/S Tanja (O. J. Meidem), Oslo, renamed Tanja (whether she was in service or not in the short period of time before she was sold again a couple of months later is uncertain). Sold again in Nov.-1956 to Imprese Marittime Fratelli Frassinetti, Genoa, Italy, renamed Ponente. Sold in 1963 to "Navaltirso" SpA di Navigazione, Cagliari, Italy. Sold in 1965 to Italsarda SpA, Caglieri, Italy. Sold in 1970 to unknown Italian breakers for breaking up.

(Majority of info, except where noted, was received from T. Eriksen, Norway - His sources: Articles about BDS in "Skipet" 1-2.88 by Dag Bakka Jr., and "Norges eldste Linjerederi, BDS 1851-1951" by Wilhelm Keilhau).

Former ships by this name: Wilh. Wilhelmsen, Tønsberg also had a Tellus from 1890 (built that year in Sunderland, 2523 gt). Lost Sept.-1907. Another Tellus was built for the same company in 1911, 7369 gt - aground 1915, raised, repaired and renamed Elisabeth IV - sunk by U 34 in Sept.-1916.

M/S Templar
Wilh. Wilhelmsen, Tønsberg
6749 gt
Built in Kiel 1929.

Pre war: Launched on Jan. 19-1929 by Deutsche Werke A.G., Kiel (Yard No. 221), completed March 25. 6749 gt, 4047 net, 12 475 tdwt, 461.4' x 60.6' x 29', Two 8 cyl. 4 SCSA oil engines totalling 7000 ihp by the shipbuilders, driving twin screws, service speed 14.5 knots. From 1953, two 5 cyl. 2 SCSA oil engines totalling 8000 ihp by Howaldtswerke A.G., Hamburg, driving twin screws, service speed 15 knots, 12 passengers.

WW II: Seized at Oslo by the Germans on Aug. 10-1940 and served as Sperrbrecher 17 from Nov. 23 (Kriegsmarine).

Picture of Templar - Source: Bjørn Pedersen's collection.
Another picture - Source: Bjørn Milde's postcard collection.
Picture of Templar as Sperrbrecher 17 - From a visitor to my website.

POST WAR: Retaken on May 17-1945, damaged, at Kiel and towed to Malmö for repairs before returning to service on July 5-1947. Suffered an underwater explosion on Jan. 10-1948 (believed to be a mine), position 52 48N 04 31E on a voyage from Macassar and Rotterdam to Oslo. Arrived Stavanger on Jan. 13 with deck and engine damage. Re-engined in 1953 by Howaldtswerke A.G. with M.A.N. oil engines. Sold on Dec. 15-1961 to Achilles Frangistas, Lebanon and renamed Katerina. Sold in 1967 to Rea Shipping Co. Ltd., Cyprus. Delivered to China National Machinery Import & Export Corporation at Shanghai on Jan. 20-1972 for demolition.

(Source: Wilh. Wilhelmsen fleet list by Michael Crowdy, World Ship Society, 1994).

This was the 2nd in a line of 4 ships by this name.

M/S Tento *
E. B. Aaby, Oslo
4917 gt
Built in Oslo 1921. Previous name: America (III) until 1936.

Pre war: Launched March 16-1921, completed Sept. 22 as America (III) for Wilh. Wilhelmsen, Tønsberg. Sold on June 17-1936 to E. B. Aaby, later E. B. Aaby's Rederi A/S, Oslo and renamed Tento.

WW II: Under German control from 1940. Struck a mine on May 6-1944 and sank in Kiel Bay, when on a voyage to Norway with a cargo of coal. The wreck was later blown up.

Earlier ships by this name: B. Stolt-Nielsen, Haugesund had a steamer named Tento from 1910 until lost the following year. Built in Torskog, Sweden 1884 and delivered as Tento for Willumsen & Gjessen, Christiania, 413 gt. When purchased by B. Stolt-Nielsen in June-1910 she belonged to J. W. Prebensen, Risør. Capsized and sank near Bjørnsund on March 26-1911 on a voyage Selje-Svolvær with 500 tons herring. B. Stolt-Nielsen then purchased another ship in Aug. that same year and named her Tento. This ship had been delivered in Apr.-1894 as Woodhorn for W. Milburn & Co., Newcastle, 1232 gt. Sold by Stolt-Nielsen in Apr.-1916 to Sandefjord and renamed Kaparika for Carl Wildhagen. Torpedoed and sunk on May 6-1917 by UC-77, 40 n. miles east of Aberdeen on a voyage Blyth-Sarpsborg with coal. M. Clausen, Haugesund had a steam ship named Tento from Dec.-1933 until sold in 1934 to Sandefjord and renamed Margot. Became Harjurand of Tallin in 1937. Struck a mine and sank on Aug. 29-1941. (This ship had originally been delivered in 1919 as Olesa (Valencia), 782 gt. Sailed as Per Skogland from Dec.-1922, then British Camberway (Sunderland) from May-1923, before she became Tento).

D/S Ternen
Hardanger Sunnhordlandske Dampskibsselskab, Bergen
109 gt
Built in Thorskog, Sweden 1897.

Pre war history: Delivered in Aug.-1897 from Thorskogs Mekaniske Verkstad, Thorskog as Ternen to A/S Ternen (M. Blom Bakke), Arendal. Steel hull, 86,1’ x 17’ x 9,9’, 109 gt, 2cyl Compound (Thorskog) 22nhp, 9 knots. In regularly scheduled service Arendal-Kristiansand, and Arendal-Oslo. Sold in Jan.-1904 to Hordalands Dampskibsselskab, Bergen / Lars R. Lerøen, Lerøy, in local service. In service 3 days a week Bergen-Austevoll-Fitjar (Bergen-Bratholmen-Ekerhovd-Søre Lie-Lerøy-Klokkarvik-Kleppsholmen-Håkonsund-Krosshamn-Hufthammer-Torangsvåg-Austevollshella-Storebø-Rostøysund-Kvalvåg on Stolmen-Djupevåg-Rabben-Fagerbakke-Bekkjarvik on Selbjørn-Vinnesvågen on Hufterøy-Gloppevågen-Fitjar). 2 days a week Bergen-Askøy (Varnesund, Tveitevåg and Haugland). In Febr.-1923 the company, incl. the vessel and the route were taken over by Hardanger Søndhordlandske Dampskibsselskab, Bergen, same service. The Askøy run was taken over by Dampskibsselskabet Topdal On Jan. 1-1927 and Ternen continued in service Bergen-Austevoll-Fitjar full time. In Oct.-1930 the company was renamed Hardanger Sunnhordlandske Dampskibsselskab, Bergen.

WW II: In regular service through the war.

POST WAR: Overhauled and repaired at Frydenbø Slip, Damsgård in Bergen in the summer of 1945 and reentered her regular service that fall. Rebuilt and modernized in 1948, 123 gt. In July-1952 the Austevoll-Fitjar run was taken over by the leased Skjærgård, while Ternen was laid up (as reserve). Sold in March-1957 to Hurum-Holmestrand-Ruten, Holmestrand, converted to motor vessel (diesel, unknown type, 200bhp [1929]), service Holmestrand-Oslo. Laid up in 1961. Sold in the spring of 1962 to Ivar Matre, Sandeid with intended conversion to freighter, but her hull was not in good enough condition. Broken up in Ølensvåg in the summer of 1963.

(Info from T. Eriksen, Norway - his sources: "Fjordabåten" by Dag Bakka Jr., 1994, "Over Fjord og Fjell, HSD 1880-1980" by Bård Kolltveit, 1980 and "Bergenske Fjordabåter", Dag Bakka Jr. for Bergens Tidende, 1974).

D/S Ternesund
O. Børresen, Oslo
(until 1941 - see below)
147 gt
Built in Appledore 1904. Previous names: Torridge until 1906, Viking until 1940.

Pre war history: Delivered in June-1904 from R. Cock & Sons, Appledore, UK (111) as steam trawler Torridge at builder's cost. Steel hull, 96.9’ x 19.3’ x 9.1’, 2cyl Compound (Crabtree & Co. Ltd., Great Yarmouth) 35nhp. Sold in 1906 to Moss Aktiemølle (a mill), Moss, renamed Viking and used as cargo vessel for the mill. Sold in 1929 to D/S A/S Juno (Niels Rafen), Holmestrand, in cargo service Oslo-Holmestrand.

WW II: Sold in Aug.-1940 to G. G. Amundsen A/S (O. Børresen), Oslo, renamed Ternesund and placed in regularly scheduled cargo service Oslo-Moss-Tønsberg-Sandefjord-Larvik-Kragerø-Risør, with occasional stops at Tvedestrand, Eydehavn, Arendal, Grimstad, Lillesand and Kristiansand. In 1941 manager became Joh. P. Mathiesen, Oslo, same owner and service. Manager from Jan.-1942 was O. Børresen, Oslo - same owner, same service.

POST WAR: Sold in Jan.-1946 to Haakon Stendahl, Oslo. Sold in 1947 to P/r / Gustav Olsen Sund, Kopervik (was 147 gt, 61 net at that time, call sign LFGP). Rebuilt at Br. Lothe A/S Flytedokken, Haugesund, 159 gt, 200 tdwt, a 2cyl 2tev Säffle dm 150bhp (1938) motor installed. Sold in 1948 to Frimann Skeie, Kopervik before rebuilding was completed, then entered service that same year as freighter Ternesund. Sold in Oct.-1948 to Nils Nilsen, Sæbøvik, Halsnøy, in coastal service. Renamed Landan in 1952, and a 2cyl 2tev Säffle 170bhp (1940) motor installed. Ran aground in Svåholmsundet south of Egersund on May 25-1953, voyage Oslo (or possibly Larvik) – Sunndalsøra and Mo i Rana with general cargo, among other things iron and cables in her hold and a large crane for the ironworks Norsk Jernverk in Mo i Rana on deck. The crane came free and went overboard, while the cargo shifted so that she developed a list and lost her steering. She had also developed a leak and was taking in a lot of water, and quickly sank at a depth of 30-35 meters. Her 3 crew members were able to swim ashore while the captain, who had taken to the workboat was picked up by the coastal vessel Oslo.

(Info received from T. Eriksen, Norway, - His Sources: Article in "Skipet" by Thor B. Melhus and misc. others.).

D/S Themis
O. M. Olsen, Fredrikstad
706 gt
Built Stockholm, Sweden 1919.

Pre war history: Completed in Dec.-1919 by Bergsunds Mek. Verkstads A/B, Stockholm (391), 187.9' x 30.4' x 12.8', T 3 cyl 13", 21 1/4" & 35 1/2" -23 1/2" 58 nhp by builders, 9 knots, 1 deck, machinery aft. Owner was Rederi A/B Artemis (Torsten Clinton), Stockholm, managers becoming G. Hellsten in 1922, Otto Hellsten in 1923, same owners. Owned from 1926 by Nya Rederi A/B Artemis (same mgr), then from 1934 by Skips-A/S Themis (O.M. Olsen), Fredrikstad.

WW II: Themis is listed in the U.K.-Norway Convoy ON 10 in Febr.-1940. The following month she shows up in Convoy HN 19 from Norway to the U.K., cargo of paper for Aberdeen. At the end of March we find her in Convoy ON 23 to Norway. Follow the links for more details; several Norwegian ships took part.

Seized by the Germans in the fall of 1944 (Knöhr & Burchard, Hamburg).

POST WAR: Returned to owners. A/S Themis (O.M. Olsen), Fredrikstad remained her owners until 1951, at which time she was renamed Karam al Arab for Arab Navigation & Transport Co., Aden, then Arab Trader in 1954 for the same owners. Converted to barge in 1962.

(Source: This posting to my Ship Forum, as well as Theo's posting).

Wilh. Wilhelmsen had several ships by this name, both before and after the war.

R/S Thomas Fearnley
Norsk Selskab til Skibbrudnes Redning, Oslo
46 gt
Built 1938.

R/S stands for Redninbsskøyte=Rescue Vessel (same word is also sometimes used for "salvage vessel"). This vessel played an important part in Norwegian war history, as did so many of the smaller vessels (including fishing vessels), especially during the forced evacuation of Finnmark in the fall of 1944. Several of the rescue vessels had been requisitioned by the Norwegian authorities very early in the war, and used to transport the wounded from the battle areas in the north of Norway to various hospitals in Harstad and Tromsø, before the capitulation of that part of the country. The Germans had an equal interest in them, and though they couldn't achieve full control of them, they were able to reach an agreement whereby a cooperation with the German rescue service "Seenot" was established. The ships were allowed to keep their radioes on board for quite a long time, but in 1944 they were removed, as they many a time were used to pick up and transmit useful information to the Allies.

Other rescue vessels took part in organized escapes, as some of them were stationed close to the Swedish waters. Others went to Shetland with escapees on board during the winter of 1945.

Related external link:
Norway's Liberation with a section on the forced evacuation.

D/S Thorberg
Louise Steen, Søvik
103 gt
Built in Bergen 1907.

Pre war history: Delivered in 1907 from A/S Mjellem & Karlsen, Bergen as fishing vessel Thorberg to Nils L. Giske, Ålesund. Steel hull, 82.9’ x ? x ?, 86.12 gt, steam engine 136ihp. Rebuilt and lengthened at Rosenberg Mek. Verksted, Stavanger in 1917, 95.2’ x ? x ?, 103 gt. Sold in 1924 to John Søvik, Ålesund (fishery No. M-119-A). Owned from 1928 by Louise Steen Søvik, Ålesund (M-119-A).

WW II: Used as freighter in the fall of 1940. On Nov. 25-1940, when on a voyage Kristiansund N – Oslo with general cargo, her cargo shifted in heavy weather near Buholmen, Stadthavet, and she sank. Before she sank she had managed to signal to the northbound seiner/freighter Ludo, which she had passed just a few minutes earlier, to say she had a 45° list. Ludo turned around and headed in her direction at full speed, then was able to rescue 4 people from their small boat which had been in danger of being taken towards the rocks (Bukketjuvene). The 4 were Captain Marius Bjørge (who had been injured when the boat was launched), Oskar Markussen, Oskar Rot and Erling Vågsholm. Engineer Johs. Engen and Stoker Ole Kristensen had gone down with the ship as it sank, but both managed to get to the surface. The other boat from Thorberg had floated free, but was full of water. At this point Engen was exhausted and had swallowed a lot of seawater, but Kristensen grabbed a hold of him, then swam towards the boat and managed to get both of them on board. The boat capsized, but again Kristensen was able to get them both back into it. By the time they were spotted from Ludo (45 mins after Thorberg had sunk) they were dangeroulsy near the rocks, but Ludo went as close as she possibly could and threw a line to them. There were no casualties.

(Received from T. Eriksen, Norway - His sources: Theodor Dorgeist, Leo Oterhals / Lars Skjong, Arild Engelsen / ”Frå segl til damp” Johan Ottesen - ref. this thread on my Ship Forum).

M/S Thordønn
A/S Thor Dahl, Sandefjord
577 gt
Built Tønsberg 1941. Previous name: Seelöwe.

Whale catcher (not the same as Tordønn).

I have now learned that this ship did not become Thor Dahl's Thordønn until 1947, when she was purchased by Bryde & Dahl, Sandefjord and renamed, but I'll go ahead and leave her in the list. Seelöwe had been built at Kaldnes mek. Verksted (113) in 1941 and operated as German vorpostenboot all through the war.

POST WAR: In allied service as minesweeper in the period 1945-1947, then sold, as mentioned to Bryde & Dahl (Thor Dahl), Sandefjord and renamed Thordønn. Refitted in 1954. Sold on June 25-1969 to Christiania Spigerverk for breaking up.

(The majority of info is from Ulf W. Gustavsen, Norway).

A/S Thor Dahl, Sandefjord
322 gt
Built in Sandefjord 1942. Previous name: Seewolf.

Whale catcher.

Again, I've now learned that this ship did not become Thorglimt until after the war - see below. Seewolf was built at Framnæs mek. Verksted (132) in 1942, and operated as German vorpostenboot all through the war.

POST WAR: In allied service as minesweeper in the period 1945-1947, then sold in Oct.-1947 to Bryde & Dahl (Thor Dahl), Sandefjord and renamed Thorglimt. Sold on Sept. 29-1956 to Compania Ballenara del Norte, Lima, Peru, renamed Don Juan. Condemned in 1977.

(Majority of info is from Ulf W. Gustavsen, Norway).

Thor Dahl later had another whale catcher by this name (motor vessel). This ship sailed as Eglantine during the war - follow the link for more info. See also this external page for some details.

D/S Thorland
Thorland Ltd., London
A/S Thor Dahl, Sandefjord?
5208 gt
Built Port Glasgow 1903. Previous names: Highland Enterprise until 1930, Northland until 1932.

Frozen whalemeat carrier. See my page D/S Thorland.

D/S Thorolf Kveldulfsøn
Det Helgelandske Dampskibsselskab, Sandnessjøen
225 gt
Built in Christiania (Oslo) 1892.

Pre war history: Delivered from Akers mek. Verksted in July-1892 as Thorolf Kveldulfsøn to Det Helgelandske Dampskibsselskab, Sandnessjøen, 182 gt. In regulalrly scheduled passenger/cargo service Helgeland. Rebuilt and lengthened at Storviks Mek. Verksted 1910/1911, 225 gt. Collided in 1912 with Vefsen in Alstenfjord near Holmen. Collided on Oct. 13-1921 with D/S Barøy (Ofotens D/S) near Fagervik. Ran aground near Hestøy in 1927. To Sandnessjøen Slip & Mek Verksted to be modernized in 1937.

WW II: Requisitioned by the Germans in Sandnessjøen in Apr.-1940.

POST WAR: Ran aground near Finnkona off Fagervik and sank on Dec. 10-1945. Raised in July the following year and re-purchased from the insurance company. Went to the Pusnes yard, Arendal at her own power for repairs in Oct.-1946. Condemned, then sold to Brødrene Anda, Stavanger in 1947 for breaking up.

(Source: The company fleet list, F. R. Hansen).

Another ship by this name was built for Helgeland Trafikkselskap A/S, Sandnessjøen in 1995, 199 gt. Still in service under same owner 1998.

A/S Thor Dahl, Sandefjord
306 gt
Built Moss, Norway 1942. Previous name: Südwind.

Whale catcher.

As is the case for Thordønn and Thorglimt above, I've learned that this ship did not become Thorstreif until after the war. She was delivered in Oct.-1942 as German vorpostenboot Südwind, serving for the Germans all through the war.

POST WAR: Taken over by the Norwegian State in 1945, renamed Nor III. Sold in 1949 to Bryde & Dahl (Thor Dahl), Sandefjord and renamed Thorstreif. Sold on May 7-1960 to Ole Torrissen & Sønner, Halsa, renamed Torris, later Sangolt. Scuttled in Bjørnefjorden in May-1980.

(The majority of info is from Ulf W. Gustavsen, Norway).

D/T Tiger
Østlandske Petroleums Compagni A/S, Bergen
3941 gt
Built in Glasgow 1921.

Pre war history: According to the external website that I've linked to below, she was built by Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Co., Glasgow, delivered in July-1921 as Tiger to A/S Tiger (A/S Vestlandske Petroleumscompani), Bergen, 3941 gt, 2324 net, 5800 tdwt, 351' x 47' x 23'. In 1936, owners were A/S Tiger, A/S Vestlandske Petroleumscompani (Østlandske Petroleumscompani), Bergen, no name change.

WW II: Requisitioned in 1940 by Die Deutsche Kriegsmarine, keeping the same name.

POST WAR: At Tønsberg in May-1945, returned to Norwegian owners - A/S Vestlandske Petroleumscompani (Østlandske Petroleumscompani), Bergen, same name. Named Benares from Sept.-1950 for Skibs A/S Excelsior (Bendt Rasmussen), Kristiansand. Broken up in Blyth in 1955 (BISCO), arriving Blyth on March 31.

Related external link:
D/T Benares (includes history and picture).

Wilh. Wilhelmsen had lost a D/S Tiger to WW I, built 1895, 3274 gt - torpedoed and sunk by the German UC-69 on May 7-1917, voyage Anga Amarga-Cardiff, cargo of iron ore.

D/S Timan *
145 gt
Built in Kristiansand 1915.

Taken over by the Germans. Sunk (as V-5902 Geier) by the British destroyer HMS Ashanti during a raid in Vestfjord Dec. 26-1941.

There's a posting to the "Norway During WW II" forum about this vessel (and others - external link) which says "seized after shelling (3 killed) by the British destroyer HMS Ashanti 26.12.44 (the year must be a misprint here?) as V-5902. Was on guard position in the Westfjord, when the Ashanti raided the fjord."

D/S Tindefjell *
Olsen & Ugelstad, Oslo
1337 gt
Built in Oslo 1936.

When the Germans approached Bergen on Apr. 9-1940 Tindefjell was among several ships en route to this city. 9 vessels were stopped south of Bergen by Norwegian patrol boats and sent elsewhere (Neptun, Stensaas, Haardraade, Rogaland, Hellesund, Vestra, Jarl, Bjønn and Tindefjell. D/S Force was also en route to Bergen, and proceeded into port - follow the links for more details on each ship - see also San Miguel). Stensaas, Tindefjell, Haardraade, Hellesund and Rogaland were asked to turn around and proceed to Leirvik, Stord (all 5 were later ordered to Hardangerfjorden on Apr. 16), while Bjønn went to Haugesund. Tindefjell was later sent to Uskedal, where the Navy had assembled some vessels and established a defence post. Following the land and sea battles between Apr. 17-20 the Norwegian forces had to withdraw, but before the Germans could place a crew on board Tindefjell, Norwegian volunteers took her to Odda. However, during the fighting there (the Germans arrived on May 2) the crew took shelter on shore, and the morning after the fighting was over their ship was gone, seized by the Germans.

She was commissioned by the Kriegsmarine from Apr. 23-1941 under the name Sperrbrecher 74, then Sperrbrecher 174. Struck a mine on May 28-1942 and sank west of Buoy 11W, west of Dunkirk.

(Misc. sources, incl. "Handelsflåten i krig", Book 5, "Hjemmeflåten - Mellom venn og fiende", Lauritz Pettersen and R. W. Jordan's "The World's Merchant Fleets").

There are some postings on my Ship Forum about this vessel.

R. Ugelstad, Oslo had a Tindefjell in 1945 (owner A/S Granli). This was the same as Nortraship's D/S Astrid, ex Empire Pilgrim. Sold in 1948 to Albert Schjelderups Rederi A/S, Bergen, and renamed Ringhorn.

D/S Titan
Det Bergenske Dampskibsselskab, Bergen
41 gt
Built in Bergen 1909.

Pre war history: Delivered in Dec.-1909 from Bergens Mek. Værksted, Bergen (161) as tug Titan to Det Bergenske Dampskibsselskab, Bergen. Steel hull, 56.9’ x 15.5’ x 8.5’, 41 gt, 2cyl Compound (BMV) 110ihp, 9 knots. Used in Bergen harbour.

POST WAR: Renamed Musca in Sept.-1958. Sold in Nov. that year to Brødrene Anda, Hundvåg, Stavanger. Renamed Jadarholm. Used in connection with owner's breaking and salvage activities. Sold in 1961 to Abraham Bjellebø, Fjellberg in Sunnhordland. Deleted from Norwegian register in 1963.

(Info received from T. Eriksen, Norway - His source: Articles about BDS in "Skipet" 1-2.88 by Dag Bakka Jr.).

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