Re: Japanese-American Civilian Prisoner Exchanges Asama Maru or Tatsuta Maru
Posted by: paulh
Date: April 09, 2017 05:45PM
There were two American-Japaese exchanges.
First exchange was between Gripsholm, and Asama Maru and Conte Verde.
Gripsholm carried 1677 passengers.
Asama Maru 840, Conte Verde 2400.
Gripsholm sailed from NY 18 June 1942 with 1100, picked up 380 at Rio de Janeiro, and arrived in Lourenco Marques 28 July 1942 with Japanese and some Thai passengers.
Asama Maru sailed from Yokohama with 416 passengers 25 June, picked up more at Hong Kong and Saigon and met Conte Verde at Singapore. Both ships left Singapore and sailed together for Lourenco Marques. Ambassadors Grew and Nomura were on board.
The second exchange involved Gripsholm and Teia Maru.
Gripsholm arrived in NY 25 August but did not sail again until 2 Sep 1943 carrying 1340 passengers from US, Canada & Mexico. More were picked up at Rio de Janeiro and Montevideo, arriving at Mormugao 16 Oct 1943.
Teia Maru (ex-French Aramis) sailed from Yokohama 13 Sep 1943, stopping at Osaka and Shanghai, and also called at Hong Kong and San Fernando (Philippines). She arrived at Mormugao on 15 Oct 1943 with 13 from neutral countries and 1,503 Americans.
This information is from “Mercy Ships” by David Miller (London, 2008). There were other British-Japanese exchanges.